Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Study of Porphyromonas gingivalis in periodontal diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mon Nov 28 10:43:15 2022

(2017) Study of Porphyromonas gingivalis in periodontal diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. p. 62. ISSN 1016-1430 (Print) 1016-1430 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29445691

Abstract

Background: The mouth cavity hosts various types of anaerobic bacteria including Porphyromonas gingivalis, which causes periodontal inflammatory diseases. P. gingivalis is a gram-negative oral anaerobe and is considered as a main etiological factor in periodontal diseases. Several studies have reported a relationship between P. gingivalis in individuals with periodontal diseases and a critical role of this bacterium in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases. The present study aimed at estimating this probability using a meta-analysis. Methods: We searched several databases including PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science to identify case-control studies addressing the relationship between P. gingivalis with periodontal diseases. A total of 49 reports published from different countries from 1993 to 2014 were included in this study. I(2) (heterogeneity index) statistics were calculated to examine heterogeneity. Data were analyzed using STATA Version 11. Results: After a detailed analysis of the selected articles, 49 case-control studies with 5924 individuals fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis. The healthy controls included 2600 healthy individuals with a Mean+/-SD age of 36.56+/-7.45 years. The periodontal diseases group included 3356 patients with a mean age of 43.62+/-8.35 years. There was a statistically significant difference between P. gingivalis in periodontal patients and healthy controls; 9.24 (95 CI: 5.78 to 14.77; P = 0.000). In the other word, there was a significant relationship between the presence of P. gingivalis and periodontal diseases. Conclusion: Analyzing the results of the present study, we found a strong association between the presence of P. gingivalis and periodontal diseases. This result suggests that another research is needed to further assess this subject.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Rafiei, M.UNSPECIFIED
Kiani, F.UNSPECIFIED
Sayehmiri, F.UNSPECIFIED
Sayehmiri, K.UNSPECIFIED
Sheikhi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Zamanian Azodi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Aggressive Periodontitis Chronic Periodontitis Gingivitis Periodontal Diseases Porphyromonas gingivalis
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 62
Journal or Publication Title: Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 31
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.18869/mjiri.31.62
ISSN: 1016-1430 (Print) 1016-1430 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/997

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