Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Epidemiology of Animal Bites and Associated Factors with Delay in Post-Exposure Prophylaxis; A Cross-Sectional Study

Mon Nov 28 12:27:04 2022

(2018) Epidemiology of Animal Bites and Associated Factors with Delay in Post-Exposure Prophylaxis; A Cross-Sectional Study. Bulletin of emergency and trauma. pp. 239-244. ISSN 2322-2522 (Print) 2322-2522 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30090820

Abstract

Objective: To address the epidemiology of animal bites and associated factors with delay in post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in Nahvand district, western Iran. Methods: Data were obtained from Rabies Treatment Center (RTC) in Nahavan district from March 2015 to March 2017. All of referred cases to RTC include 1448 cases of animal bites using the census method were recruited. Epidemiological profile of participants was demonstrated using descriptive statistics and determinants of PEP was addressed by logistic regression model. Results: The majority of victims were males 1167(80.5). superficial bites were more prevalent than deep status injuries (1145(79.0) VS. 303(20.9)). The biting rate differed according to season in the period of the study (p<0.001). Cases who experienced animal biting in the autumn was more likely to refer timely for PEP than cases in spring season (OR, 0.39; 95 CI: 0.26 - 0.59, p<0.001). Conclusion: Our findings addressed the pattern of potential delays in PEP including the role of season. Local authorities of Nahavand district should considered preventive activities and educational interventions to reduce animal biting and provide timely prophylaxis.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Khazaei, S.UNSPECIFIED
Karami, M.UNSPECIFIED
Veisani, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Solgi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Goodarzi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Animal bites Post-exposure prophylaxis Rabies Vaccination
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 239-244
Journal or Publication Title: Bulletin of emergency and trauma
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 6
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.29252/beat-060309
ISSN: 2322-2522 (Print) 2322-2522 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/965

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