Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The Estimation of Survival and Associated Factors in Self-Immolation Attempters in Ilam Province of Iran (2011-2015)

Mon Apr 22 22:53:20 2024

(2018) The Estimation of Survival and Associated Factors in Self-Immolation Attempters in Ilam Province of Iran (2011-2015). Open access Macedonian journal of medical sciences. pp. 2057-2061. ISSN 1857-9655 (Print) 1857-9655 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30559860

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Self-immolation is the most common method of suicide in Ilam province. AIM: This study aimed to estimate the survival rate in self-immolation attempters in Ilam and identify the associated factors. METHODS: A descriptive-analytic study was conducted based on data collected at Taleghani Hospital in Ilam, Iran. All persons passed away due to self-immolation or those hospitalised in the centre of the self-burned patients located in Ilam during 2011 to 2015 were assessed. Survival rate was calculated based on Kaplan-Meier. To compare the survival rate between groups, Univariate Log Rank and for multivariate analysis, the Cox test of STATA12 software was used. RESULTS: During 2011 to 2015, 236 persons including 168 females and 69 males committed self-immolation. The mean and median of survival time in attempters were 32.2 +/- 4.7 and 3 +/- 0.33 days, respectively. In Univariate Log-Rank test, the following variables including age, sex, burn degree, Total Body Surface Area (TBSA), and burns in neck and head and lower limbs had a significantly meaningful relation with survival, while in multivariate Cox Regression test only two variables including Total Body Surface Area and age remained in the model. CONCLUSION: The mean and median survival rate in self-attempters are very low. Quickly hospitalisation without waste of time should be considered. Providing prompt treatments and compensating dehydration in early hours especially within the first 24 hours of self-immolation are very vital. Younger persons and those with lower burn surface have more chance for longer survival and recuperation.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Bazyar, J.UNSPECIFIED
Jahangiri, K.UNSPECIFIED
Safarpour, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keykaleh, M. S.UNSPECIFIED
Varasteh, S.UNSPECIFIED
Malekyan, L.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Burn Surface Self-immolation Suicide Survival
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 2057-2061
Journal or Publication Title: Open access Macedonian journal of medical sciences
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 6
Number: 11
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.327
ISSN: 1857-9655 (Print) 1857-9655 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/925

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