Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Genetic relatedness among isolates of Shigella sonnei carrying class 2 integrons in Tehran, Iran, 2002-2003

Thu Aug 11 16:08:55 2022

(2007) Genetic relatedness among isolates of Shigella sonnei carrying class 2 integrons in Tehran, Iran, 2002-2003. Bmc Infectious Diseases. p. 7. ISSN 1471-2334

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Abstract

Background: Shigella spp. are major cause of diarrhoeal disease in both developing and developed countries. Shigella sonnei is the serogroup of Shigella most frequently responsible for sporadic and epidemic enteritis in developed countries. In recent years the emergence and spread of S. sonnei biotype g carrying class 2 integron have been frequently reported in many countries. Recently, S. sonnei has been reported as the prevalent serogroup of Shigella in Iran. The present study was carried out to investigate phenotypic and genetic characteristics of Shigella sonnei isolates identified in the years 2002 and 2003 in Tehran, Iran. Methods: Biotyping, drug susceptibility testing, pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and analysis of class 2 integrons have been carried out on 60 S. sonnei isolates, including 57 sporadic isolates from paediatric cases of shigellosis occurring in 2002 and 2003, two sporadic isolates recovered in 1984 and the ATCC 9290 strain. Results: Biotype g and resistance to streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole- trimethoprim and tetracycline were exhibited by 54 of the 57 recent isolates. Of the 54 biotype g isolates, 28 exhibited a class 2 integron of 2161 bp, and 24 a class 2 integron of 1371 bp, respectively. Class 2 integrons were not detected in four isolates only, including the two endemic isolates recovered in 1984 and two strains from recent sporadic cases. PFGE divided the strains into eight pulsotypes labeled A to H, three major pulsotypes - A to C - including the large majority of the recent sporadic S. sonnei isolates. Pulsotypes A and C were the most prevalent groups, accounting for 41.6 and 35.0, respectively, of the isolates under study. Conclusion: The results suggest that biotype g, class 2 integron carrying S. sonnei are prevalent in our geographic area. S. sonnei isolated in the years 2002 and 2003 could be attributed to a few predominant clusters including, respectively, strains with pulsotypes B and C carrying a 2161 bp class 2 integron, and those having pulsotype A and a 1371 bp class 2 integron. A few epidemic clones are responsible for the apparently endemic occurrence of shigellosis in Tehran, Iran.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Ranjbar, R.UNSPECIFIED
Aleo, A.UNSPECIFIED
Giammanco, G. M.UNSPECIFIED
Dionisi, A. M.UNSPECIFIED
Sadeghifard, N.UNSPECIFIED
Mammina, C.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: field gel-electrophoresis antimicrobial resistance antibiotic-resistance restriction patterns escherichia-coli ribosomal-rna susceptibility strains salmonella infections Infectious Diseases
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 7
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Infectious Diseases
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 7
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-7-62
ISSN: 1471-2334
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/919

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