Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Long-term pulmonary complications in sulfur mustard victims of Sardasht, Iran

Thu Dec 1 16:02:48 2022

(2009) Long-term pulmonary complications in sulfur mustard victims of Sardasht, Iran. Toxin Reviews. pp. 8-13. ISSN 1556-9543

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Abstract

Sulfur mustard (SM) has widely been used against the military and civilians during the Iraq-Iran war (1980-1988). It mostly affects the respiratory system. A large historical cohort study was designed to evaluate the pulmonary status of non-military victims in Sardasht, Iran, in comparison with a matched control group 20 years after a single massive exposure. The exposed group was divided into two subgroups of hospitalized and non-hospitalized based on the severity of the injuries indicated by hospitalization a few days following exposure. All participants' respiratory symptoms and signs were evaluated by internists. Dyspnea (n = 261; P = 93.2) was the most common symptom. Chronic cough, cough severity, sputum, hemoptysis, dyspnea, pattern of dyspnea, severity of dyspnea (P < 0.001 for all), and chest pain (P = 0.003) were statistically significantly different between the two groups. Wheezing was the most common pulmonary finding (11.4). There was also a statistically significant difference in the auscultation of wheezing (P = 0.045) and rhonchi (P = 0.018) between the hospitalized and control groups. Considering objective findings, pulmonary involvement was observed in 24.3 (n = 68, P = 0.007).

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Pourfarzam, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ghazanfari, T.UNSPECIFIED
Merasizadeh, J.UNSPECIFIED
Ghanei, M.UNSPECIFIED
Azimi, G.UNSPECIFIED
Araghizadeh, H.UNSPECIFIED
Foroutan, A.UNSPECIFIED
Shams, J.UNSPECIFIED
Ghasemi, H.UNSPECIFIED
Yaraee, R.UNSPECIFIED
Shariat-Panahi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Soroush, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Hassan, Z. M.UNSPECIFIED
Moaiedmohseni, S.UNSPECIFIED
Nadoushan, M. R. J.UNSPECIFIED
Fallahi, F.UNSPECIFIED
Mahdavi, M. R. V.UNSPECIFIED
Moin, A.UNSPECIFIED
Ghazanfari, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Ghaderi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Yarmohammadi, M. E.UNSPECIFIED
Naghizadeh, M. M.UNSPECIFIED
Faghihzadeh, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Sulfur mustard respiratory complications FEV1 pulmonary function test Sardasht-Iran Cohort Study gas inhalation exposure lung Toxicology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 8-13
Journal or Publication Title: Toxin Reviews
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 28
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/15569540802689220
ISSN: 1556-9543
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/901

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