Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Performance of a pilot scale up-flow septic tank for on-site decentralized treatment of residential wastewater

(2010) Performance of a pilot scale up-flow septic tank for on-site decentralized treatment of residential wastewater. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. pp. 47-52. ISSN 0957-5820

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the on-site anaerobic treatment of a medium-strength residential wastewater in a pilot-scale up-flow septic tank (UST). The effects of three different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) of 24, 12 and 6 h on the UST performance were investigated. The UST removed 85, 77, and 86 of biochemical oxygen demand (BODs), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS), respectively, at steady state operation and with a 24 h HRT. Decreasing the HRT to 12 and then 6 h resulted in deteriorated effluent quality and significantly reduced reactor performance. The sludge showed a high specific methanogenic activity (SMA) of 15.2 mL CH4 g(-1) VSS d(-1) with raw wastewater substrate. The solids accumulated in the tank by the end of the experiment had a VSS/TSS of 0.57, demonstrating significant stabilization. overall, the LIST is concluded to be a technically and economically promising alternative to conventional septic tanks for the on-site decentralized treatment of residential wastewater, particularly in the rural communities of developing countries. (C) 2009 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anaerobic processes Residential wastewater On-site treatment Septic tank strong domestic sewage anaerobic treatment black water uasb reactor low-temperatures technologies management digestion system Engineering
Page Range: pp. 47-52
Journal or Publication Title: Process Safety and Environmental Protection
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 88
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2009.10.001
ISSN: 0957-5820
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/880

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