Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Frequency and barriers of underreported needlestick injuries amongst Iranian nurses, a questionnaire survey

Fri Apr 19 00:20:30 2024

(2011) Frequency and barriers of underreported needlestick injuries amongst Iranian nurses, a questionnaire survey. Journal of Clinical Nursing. pp. 488-493. ISSN 0962-1067

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Aims and objectives. To determine the frequency of needlestick injuries and barriers of reporting such injuries amongst Iranian nurses. Background. Exposure to blood-borne pathogens because of needlestick injuries in particular is a potential risk for healthcare workers, including clinical nurses. The burden of sharp injuries sustained by healthcare workers is still unclear, primarily because of underreporting. Design. A cross-sectional study was undertaken amongst 111 clinical nurses working in five major teaching hospitals in Tehran/Iran during 2007-2008 who were randomly selected. Methods. A validated self-reported questionnaire containing demographic characteristics and history of experiences with contaminated needlesticks as well as probably reason/s for underreporting such injuries was used. Results. More than half of the enrolled nurses (54 center dot 1, n = 60) had no experience of contaminated injuries, while the rest of 45 center dot 9 (n = 51) had experienced at least one contaminated needlestick injuries during their clinical performance. More than one-third (34 center dot 0, n = 38) had experienced a mean of 58 contaminated needlestick injuries during the past 12 months (crude incidence: 0 center dot 52 NSI/nurse/year). Only 14 nurses (36 center dot 8) with needlestick injuries experiences had officially reported their experiences. The major reasons for not reporting needlestick injuries were dissatisfaction with follow-up investigations by officials after reporting the events (33 center dot 3) and safe/low risk considering of source patients (29 center dot 2). Conclusions. Increased frequency and underreporting of needlestick injuries amongst Iranian nurses is going to be a major concern. As a preventive strategy, further interventions such as constant staff training, life-long learning and standardising postexposure procedures are recommended. Relevance to clinical practice. Determining the prevalence, burden and reasons for underreporting needlestick injuries by clinical nurses are required for establishing a preventive strategy to decrease hospital infections.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Iran needlestick injuries nursing underreporting health-care workers sharps injuries body-fluids exposures blood epidemiology prevalence management risks Nursing
Page Range: pp. 488-493
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 20
Number: 3-4
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0962-1067
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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