Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Influence of B cells in liver fibrosis associated with hepatitis B virus harboring basal core promoter mutations

(2012) Influence of B cells in liver fibrosis associated with hepatitis B virus harboring basal core promoter mutations. Journal of Medical Virology. pp. 1889-1896. ISSN 0146-6615

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Abstract

The development of the liver disease in chronic hepatitis B with common viral variants can be determined through the interaction between the virus and the host immune response. B cells constitute half of the intrahepatic lymphocyte population with an impact on fibrosis. A proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) has been shown to have a co-stimulatory activity on B cells. For this study HBV DNA was amplified and then sequenced to show the presence of the basal core promoter (BCP) mutations in the serum from 57 patients with chronic hepatitis B. The range of IgD-positive B cells was detected by immunohistochemistry in liver biopsies; and patients serum was assayed for APRIL levels by enzyme immunoassay. Twenty-seven patients (47.4) harbored the A1762T-G1764A BCP mutations. Coefficients of logistic regression showed that the effect of increasing IgD-positive B cells in rising odds of the liver disease is the same in the patients with BCP mutation A1762T-G1764A and in the patients without mutation, nevertheless the effect of APRIL is not similar in these two groups of patients. Logistic regression in patients with BCP A1762T-G1764A mutations demonstrated that increasing one score of APRIL decreased the odds of fibrosis stage about 8. These results suggest that in infection with viral variants of hepatitis B virus, the population of IgD-positive B cells may play a decisive role in later stages of the liver disease which is reduced by APRIL in chronic hepatitis patients with BCP mutations. J. Med. Virol. 84:18891896, 2012. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) IgD B-lymphocyte chronic hepatitis B x-protein baff-r april igd infection survival immunoglobulin disease precore genome Virology
Page Range: pp. 1889-1896
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Medical Virology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 84
Number: 12
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.23410
ISSN: 0146-6615
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/764

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