Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Smoking status in Iranian male adolescents: A cross-sectional study and a meta-analysis

(2013) Smoking status in Iranian male adolescents: A cross-sectional study and a meta-analysis. Addictive Behaviors. pp. 2214-2218. ISSN 0306-4603

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Abstract

The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of smoking status and its associated factors in Iranian adolescents and a meta-analysis of recent cross-sectional studies in order to estimate the corresponding prevalence for all Iranian adolescents. In a cross-sectional study, 1064 male high school students in Zanjan city (northwest of Iran) were recruited. A self-administered questionnaire was used for smoking status and associated factors. Through the meta-analysis, all relevant published studies were reviewed. Almost one-third of adolescents (34.2, n =354) have experienced smoking either experimentally (23.4, n=242), or regularly (10.8, n=112). Multivariate analysis showed that older age (OR = 1.20; 95 CI: 1.05-1.37), risky behaviors (OR=1.83; 1.25-2.68), Tramadol medication (OR = 2.19; 1.54-3.11), low self-esteem (OR 1.07; 1.03-1.11), positive attitude toward smoking (OR= 1.15; 1.09-1.21), positive thinking about smoking (OR= 1.07; 1.01-1.14) and having smoker friends (OR= 1.94; 1.36-2.77) were significantly associated with cigarette smoking in adolescents. Meta-analysis results showed that 7 of Iranian adolescents are regular smokers and 27 are experimenters. Increasing prevalence of smoking in Iranian adolescents is a major concern for public health. Controlling risky behaviors and increasing health education are recommended. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescents Iranian Smoking status Meta-analysis high-school-students peer influence cigarette-smoking planned behavior tramadol acquisition prevalence pregnancy outcomes humans Psychology Substance Abuse
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 2214-2218
Journal or Publication Title: Addictive Behaviors
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 38
Number: 6
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.01.018
ISSN: 0306-4603
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/727

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