Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) distribution in the endemic and non-endemic foci of visceral leishmaniasis in northwestern Iran

Fri May 31 02:40:55 2024

(2013) Sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) distribution in the endemic and non-endemic foci of visceral leishmaniasis in northwestern Iran. Journal of Vector Ecology. pp. 97-104. ISSN 1081-1710

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An entomological study was conducted from June to September, 2010 in rural regions of Azarbayjan-e-sharqi, Azarbayjan-e-qarbi, and Ardabil provinces in northwestern Iran to determine sand fly fauna, diversity, and distribution in different habitats and altitudes using both sticky papers and light traps. Geographical distribution of sand flies and the similarity of populations in different locations were analyzed ecologically based on the Shannon-Wiener Index and Jacard Coefficient, respectively. A total of 3,982 specimens was collected and sixteen species recorded. They belonged to the genera Phlebotomus subgenus Phlebotomus (P. papatasi), Paraphlebotomus (P. sergenti, P. mongolensis, P. caucasicus, P. jacusieli), Larroussius (P. major s.l., P. tobbi, P. perfiliewi transcaucasicus, P. kandelakii) and Adlerius (P. halepensis, P. brevis, P. longiductus, P. balcanicus), and Sergentomyia subgenus Sergentomyia (S. sintoni, S. dentata and S. theodori). P. papatasi was the predominant species in all the locations except Bileh Savar, Macu, and Meshkin Shahr, followed by P. perfiliewi transcaucasicus and P. kandelakii. The latter species were caught from different habitats and altitudes with higher frequency than other species of the subgenus Larroussius. The lowest abundance belonged to P. jacusieli. The predominant species of subgenus Adlerius was P. halepensis. Data analysis showed that Meshkin Shahr and Bileh Savar had high and low diversities of sand fly distribution, respectively. Meshkin Shahr and Sarab districts had the highest similarity. Both are located in the foothills of Sabalan Mountain, with high diversity and richness.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Geographical distribution diversity richness altitudinal structuring phlebotomus-perfiliewi-transcaucasicus cutaneous leishmaniasis flies diptera infantum sandflies province Entomology
Page Range: pp. 97-104
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Vector Ecology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 38
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1081-1710
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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