Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The association between tramadol hydrochloride misuse and other substances use in an adolescent population: Phase I of a prospective survey

Mon Aug 8 18:03:10 2022

(2014) The association between tramadol hydrochloride misuse and other substances use in an adolescent population: Phase I of a prospective survey. Addictive Behaviors. pp. 333-337. ISSN 0306-4603

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Abstract

Background: Tramadol hydrochloride is a common prescription pain reliever that is structurally similar to morphine and codeine with its analgesic effects identified as a mu-receptor agonist. Due to its opioid-like stimulant effects, the potential for tramadol misuse is a public health concern. As such, the aim of this investigation is to estimate the prevalence of tramadol misuse in a sample of Iranian adolescents and to assess the relationship between tramadol misuse and other substance use. Methods: This is the first phase of a prospective survey examining the prevalence of adolescent smoking status, substances use and related factors in Ilam city, Iran. Grade 10 male and female students (n = 2000) were recruited using multistage sampling. Self-administered multiple-choice questionnaires were conducted with data analysed using cross tabulations and logistic regression models. Results: The prevalence of lifetime tramadol misuse was 4.8 (7.6 males; 1.8 females). Adjusted odds ratios and confidence intervals for lifetime tramadol misusers reporting substance use during the past month were 2.2 (1.1-4.4) for alcohol, 5.0 (1.5-21.9) for cannabis, 8.9 (2.7-29.4) for ecstasy, 0.5 (0.03-7.0) for methamphetamine and 2.3 (0.7-7.4) for opium. Conclusion: Tramadol could be a related factor or co-factor for adolescent alcohol, cannabis and ecstasy use. We recommend future longitudinal studies to investigate the possible role of tramadol as a gateway drug in the development of substance abuse. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Nazarzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Bidel, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Carson, K. V.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Tramadol Adolescents Substances use Iran Psychology Substance Abuse
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 333-337
Journal or Publication Title: Addictive Behaviors
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 39
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.09.013
ISSN: 0306-4603
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/688

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