Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Detection and characterization of viruses causing hand, foot and mouth disease from children in Seri Kembangan, Malaysia

Sun Sep 25 11:54:51 2022

(2014) Detection and characterization of viruses causing hand, foot and mouth disease from children in Seri Kembangan, Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine. pp. 654-662. ISSN 0127-5720

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Abstract

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral infection among infants and children. The major causative agents of HFMD are enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16). Recently, coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) infections were reported in neighboring countries. Infected infants and children may present with fever, mouth/throat ulcers, rashes and vesicles on hands and feet. Moreover, EV71 infections might cause fatal neurological complications. Since 1997, EV71 caused fatalities in Sarawak and Peninsula Malaysia. The purpose of this study was to identify and classify the viruses which detected from the patients who presenting clinical signs and symptoms of HFMD in Seri Kembangan, Malaysia. From December 2012 until July 2013, a total of 28 specimens were collected from patients with clinical case definitions of HFMD. The HFMD viruses were detected by using semi-nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (snRT-PCR). The positive snRT-PCR products were sequenced and phylogenetic analyses of the viruses were performed. 12 of 28 specimens (42.9) were positive in snRT-PCR, seven are CVA6 (58.3), two CVA16 (16.7) and three EV71 (25). Based on phylogenetic analysis studies, EV71 strains were identified as sub-genotype B5; CVA16 strains classified into sub-genotype B2b and B2c; CVA6 strains closely related to strains in Taiwan and Japan. In this study, HFMD in Seri Kembangan were caused by different types of Enterovirus, which were EV71, CVA6 and CVA16.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Ling, B. P.UNSPECIFIED
Jalilian, F. A.UNSPECIFIED
Harmal, N. S.UNSPECIFIED
Yubbu, P.UNSPECIFIED
Sekawi, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: enterovirus 71 coxsackievirus a16 outbreak encephalomyelitis vp4 a6 Parasitology Tropical Medicine
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 654-662
Journal or Publication Title: Tropical Biomedicine
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 31
Number: 4
ISSN: 0127-5720
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/624

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