Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Quality of Life of Postmenopausal Women and Their Spouses: A Community-Based Study

Fri May 24 23:03:01 2024

(2015) Quality of Life of Postmenopausal Women and Their Spouses: A Community-Based Study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. p. 7. ISSN 2074-1804

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Background: Most women spend more than one-third of their lives after menopause. Due to physiologic changes in that period, menopause can cause a series of symptoms such as vasomotor symptoms, psychologic problems, and sexual dysfunction, which can affect the women's quality of life (QoL) and other family members, especially their spouse. Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the association between the QoL of postmenopausal women and their husbands. Patients and Methods: This descriptive-inferential cross-sectional study was conducted according to the census of 2006 in Iran. A total of 400 postmenopausal women aging 50 to 59 years and their spouses in 80 cluster heads of Ilam City residents were selected and studied in collaboration with the Statistical Center of Iran. The required data were gathered using the short-form health survey (SF-36) questionnaire and demographic questionnaire developed by the researcher-trained interviewers. Data were analyzed by SPSS 18 through Kruskal Wallis test, Wilcoxon signed ranks test, and correlation. Results: The participants' mean age was 54.2 +/- 2.8 years for women and 61.1 +/- 6.1 years for their spouses. More than half of the women (57) and about one-third of men (32.8) were illiterate. The employed educated women aging 50 to 54 years had a higher mean score of SF-36 domains. The difference in education was significant in all domains except for mental health. There was a significant difference in age in all domains except in general health. The mean score of all domains of QoL was significantly less in the illiterate men than in the literate ones (P < 0.05). The results of the present study showed a significant correlation (P < 0.05) between the couples' QoL, vasomotor symptoms, and aging. Spearman test showed a significant positive correlation in all domains of QoL between postmenopausal women and their spouses (correlation coefficient, 0.48-0.63). Conclusions: Based on the results of the present study and other performed studies in this regard, menopause, aging, vasomotor symptoms, and education had significant association with the QoL of postmenopausal women. The reduced QoL in postmenopausal women could eventually lead to the reduced QoL of their spouses. Therefore, it is necessary to plan for the education of these women and their husbands to broaden their understanding of the changes of menopause and ways to improve their QoL.

Item Type: Article
Charandabi, S. M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Menopause Quality of Life Spouses health-status menopause questionnaire symptoms validity program periods midlife impact men General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: p. 7
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 17
Number: 3
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2074-1804
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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