Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Patients' Experience of Tuberculosis Treatment Using Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course (DOTS): A Qualitative Study

Mon May 20 16:31:59 2024

(2015) Patients' Experience of Tuberculosis Treatment Using Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course (DOTS): A Qualitative Study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. p. 6. ISSN 2074-1804

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Background: Despite effective diagnosis and treatment, prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) is still growing. The directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) strategy to treat TB was introduced by the World Health Organization more than a decade ago. Little is known about patients' experience of TB treatment, according to DOTS, in Iran. Objectives: This study aimed to understand the patients' experience of tuberculosis treatment according to DOTS in Iran. Patients and Methods: This study is a qualitative study, using content analysis to examine patients' experience of TB treatment and to understand their compliance during DOTS. In this study, a semi-structured interview with open questions was answered by 40 patients, who had a diagnosis of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis, and improved during the course of their treatment. The method of sampling was purposive sample and the interview process lasted until data saturation. Results: Data analysis resulted in the extraction of six themes, which reflect the experiences of the study participants. The themes are: 1) individual factors; 2) change of the attitudes and beliefs of patients on TB treatment; 3) support terms of patients with tuberculosis; 4) the role of health care professionals; 5) social factors and 6) the financial burden. Conclusions: Successful completion of TB treatment requires an effective partnership between the patient and health care professionals, and a harmony between the cultural context, attitude of the patient, family support and health literacy. Future health policies should address these issues to improve patients' adherence to DOTS.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Tuberculosis Treatment Qualitative Research Iran mycobacterium-tuberculosis resistant tuberculosis adherence hiv prevention delivery culture disease africa bali General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: p. 6
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 17
Number: 4
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2074-1804
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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