Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Investigation on the characteristics and management of dental waste in Urmia, Iran

Sat Jun 25 02:45:09 2022

(2015) Investigation on the characteristics and management of dental waste in Urmia, Iran. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management. pp. 553-559. ISSN 1438-4957

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify the components, composition, generation rate and management of dental waste in Urmia, Iran. Fifteen dental centers including eight general dental offices, five specialist dental offices and two dental clinics were selected and two samples were taken from each office. Then, the wastes were manually separated in 31 components and weighted. The results showed that total dental waste generation in all general dental offices, specialist dental offices and dental clinics were 58.94, 17.92 and 10.22 kg/day, respectively. Domestic, potentially infectious, toxic and chemical and pharmaceutical waste also constituted 35.46, 34.24, 11.83 and 5.56 of total waste, respectively. Only 11 components including blood-contaminated paper towel, saliva-contaminated paper towel, saliva-contaminated cotton, extracted teeth, blood-contaminated gauze, inseparable components, nylon glove, tongue blade, latex glove, saliva ejector and blood-contaminated cotton constituted more than 80 of total infectious waste generation. There was no management program (waste minimization, separation, reuse and recycling) in the dental offices. Source reduction, separation, reuse and recycling activities should be conducted to decrease the hazards of dental wastes. It is also suggested that each fraction of dental waste should be separately collected and disposed in the accordance with its related criteria.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Koolivand, A.UNSPECIFIED
Gholami-Borujeni, F.UNSPECIFIED
Nourmoradi, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Dental waste Infectious waste Chemical and pharmaceutical waste Toxic waste Urmia health-care waste solid-waste amalgam mercury dentistry disposal clinics turkey city Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 553-559
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 17
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-014-0278-2
ISSN: 1438-4957
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/568

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