Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of Cannabis Lifetime Use in Iranian High School and College Students: A Systematic Review, Meta-Analyses,and Meta-Regression

Wed Nov 30 06:21:58 2022

(2015) Prevalence of Cannabis Lifetime Use in Iranian High School and College Students: A Systematic Review, Meta-Analyses,and Meta-Regression. American Journal of Mens Health. pp. 397-409. ISSN 1557-9883

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/InboundService.do?F...

Abstract

Cannabis is the most widely used substance in the world. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of cannabis lifetime use (CLU) in high school and college students of Iran and also to determine factors related to changes in prevalence. A systematic review of literature on cannabis use in Iran was conducted according to MOOSE guideline. Domestic scientific databases, PubMed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Google Scholar, relevant reference lists, and relevant journals were searched up to April, 2014. Prevalences were calculated using the variance stabilizing double arcsine transformation and confidence intervals (CIs) estimated using the Wilson method. Heterogeneity was assessed by Cochran's Q statistic and I-2 index and causes of heterogeneity were evaluated using meta-regression model. In electronic database search, 4,000 citations were retrieved, producing a total of 33 studies. CLU was reported with a random effects pooled prevalence of 4.0 (95 CI = 3.0 to 5.0). In subgroups of high school and college students, prevalences were 5.0 (95 CI = 3.0 to -7.0) and 2.0 (95 CI = 2.0 to -3.0), respectively. Meta-regression model indicated that prevalence is higher in college students (beta = 0.089, p < .001), male gender (beta = 0.017, p < .001), and is lower in studies with sampling versus census studies (beta = -0.096, p < .001). This study reported that prevalence of CLU in Iranian students are lower than industrialized countries. In addition, gender, level of education, and methods of sampling are highly associated with changes in the prevalence of CLU across provinces.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Nazarzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Bidel, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Jarahi, A. M.UNSPECIFIED
Esmaeelpour, K.UNSPECIFIED
Menati, W.UNSPECIFIED
Shakeri, A. A.UNSPECIFIED
Menati, R.UNSPECIFIED
Kikhavani, S.UNSPECIFIED
Saki, K.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: cannabis students meta-analyses meta-regression prevalence substance-abuse sample association adolescent disorders Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 397-409
Journal or Publication Title: American Journal of Mens Health
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 9
Number: 5
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988314546667
ISSN: 1557-9883
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/552

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item