Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Comparison of virulence factors and biofilm formation among Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and bovine infections

(2015) Comparison of virulence factors and biofilm formation among Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and bovine infections. Microbial Pathogenesis. pp. 73-77. ISSN 0882-4010

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to find different prevalence of genes involved in the biofilm formation process and to assess the phenotypic and genotypic markers of biofilm formation among Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and bovine infections. In this study, 215 S. aureus strains were collected from human and dairy cow's infections. The biofilm forming capacity of the strains was evaluated using a colorimetric microtiter plate assay. The genes encoding microbial surface components, recognizing adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMMs) (ebpS, eno, fib, fnbA, fnbB, cna and bap), and the intracellular adhesion (ica) genes (icaA, and icaD) were targeted by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method. Approximately 70 of the isolates produced biofilm. Among these, 59.3 were producers of weakly adherent biofilms while 34.8 and 5.8 produced moderate and strong biofilms, respectively. The most prevalent gene was icaD found in 88.4 of the isolates, followed by icaA, fib and eno found in 87.9, 75.8 and 75.3 of the isolates, respectively. The bap gene was not detected in any of the isolates. The prevalence of ebpS and fnbA genes among bovine isolates were significantly higher than those in human isolates, whilst the prevalence of cm gene was significantly higher in the human isolates. In this study, a high prevalence of biofilm production was found among S. aureus strains isolated from human and bovine infections. Most biofilm producing isolates were positive for MSCRAMM, icaA, and icaD genes. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Biofilm Staphylococcus aureus MSCRAMMs genes ica genes microtiter plates slime production mastitis epidermidis quantification animals tehran genes bap ica Immunology Microbiology
Page Range: pp. 73-77
Journal or Publication Title: Microbial Pathogenesis
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 88
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2015.08.007
ISSN: 0882-4010
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/541

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