Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Social and Psychological Predictors of Initial Cigarette Smoking Experience: A Survey in Male College Students

Tue Jul 5 18:19:09 2022

(2016) Social and Psychological Predictors of Initial Cigarette Smoking Experience: A Survey in Male College Students. American Journal of Mens Health. pp. 14-23. ISSN 1557-9883

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Abstract

Knowledge about social and psychological risk factors for initial cigarette smoking experience (ICSE) is sparse. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of ICSE and to examine the psychological and social factors related to ICSE. In a cross-sectional survey, 1,511 male college students were recruited using multistage sampling techniques from four universities located within the city of Ilam, Iran. Self-administered multiple-choice questionnaires were distributed to students from March to June 2013. Risk factors for ICSE were evaluated using logistic regression models. Participants were 22.3 +/- 2.4 years of age. ICSE prevalence was 30.6. In multivariable adjusted analysis, risk taking behavior (odds ratio OR = 1.61; 95% confidence interval CI = 1.11-2.33), perceived peer smoking prevalence (OR = 2.48; 95% CI = 1.03-5.97), positive thoughts about smoking (OR = 1.06; 95% CI = 1.02-1.10), high self-efficacy (OR = 0.95, 95% CI 0.93, 0.98), presence in smokers' gathering (OR = 4.45; 95% CI = 2.88-6.81), comity of smokers (OR = 2.56; 95% CI = 1.66, 3.92), very hard access to cigarettes (OR = 2.20; 95% CI = 1.16-4.16), close friends' medium reaction toward smoking (OR = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.02-1.88), and sporting activity (OR = 0.74; 95% CI = 0.56-0.98) were significantly associated with ICSE. This study identified that a combination of psychological and social variables account for up to 78% of the probability of ICSE. The most important protective factor against ICSE was physical activity, whereas the most important risk factor for ICSE was frequent gathering in the presence of smokers.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Menati, W.UNSPECIFIED
Nazarzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Bidel, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Wurtz, M.UNSPECIFIED
Menati, R.UNSPECIFIED
Hemati, R.UNSPECIFIED
Yaghoubi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Zareimanesh, E.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadi, M. S.UNSPECIFIED
Akhlaghi Ardekani, F.UNSPECIFIED
Tazval, J.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: smoking adolescent male students high-school-students prevention program self-efficacy adolescents acquisition tobacco risk cessation peer metaanalysis Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 14-23
Journal or Publication Title: American Journal of Mens Health
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 10
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988314553262
ISSN: 1557-9883
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/528

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