Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Association between Hyperglycaemia with Neurological Outcomes Following Severe Head Trauma

Wed Jun 19 10:39:10 2024

(2016) Association between Hyperglycaemia with Neurological Outcomes Following Severe Head Trauma. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. PC11-PC13. ISSN 2249-782X

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Introduction: Head Trauma (HT) is a major cause of death, disability and important public health problem. HT is also the main cause of hyperglycaemia that can increase mortality. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between hyperglycaemia with neurological outcomes following severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive and correlation study that was carried out at the Imam Khomeini Hospital affiliated with Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, IR, during March 2014-March 2015 on patients with severe TBI. Data were collected from the patient records on mortality, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) length of stay, hospital length of stay, admission GCS score, Injury Severity Score (ISS), mechanical ventilation, Ventilation Associated Pneumonia (VAP) and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Random Blood Sugar (RBS) level on admission was recorded. Patients with diabetes mellitus (to minimize the overlap between acute stress hyperglycaemia and diabetic hyperglycaemia) were excluded. Results: About 34(40) of patients were admitted with hyperglycaemia (RBS >= 200 mg/dl) over the study period. The mortality rate, length of ICU stay, hospital stay, ISS and VAP & ARDS in patients with RBS levels >= 200 mg was significantly higher than patients with RBS levels below = 200mg (p < 0.05, p < 0.001). A significant correlation was found between RBS with GCS arrival, length of ICU stay, length of hospital stay, ISS, mechanical ventilation and VAP & ARDS (p < 0.05, p < 0.001). RBS is a predicate factor for ISS (p < 0.05, OR : 1.36), GCS (p < 0.001, OR : 1.69), mechanical ventilation (p < 0.05, OR : 1.27), VAP & ARDS (p < 0.001, OR : 1.68), length of ICU stay (p < 0.001, OR : 1.87) and length of hospital stay (p < 0.05, OR : 1.24). Conclusion: Hyperglycaemia after severe TBI (RBS >= 200) is associated with poor outcome. It can be a predictive factor for mortality rate, ICU stay, GCS arrival, VAP & RDS, hospital stay and ISS. Management of hyperglycaemia with insulin protocol in cases with value >200mg/dl, is critical in improving the outcome of patients with TBI.

Item Type: Article
Khajavikhan, J.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Critical Care Head injury Icu Serum glucose Traumatic brain injury quality-of-life brain-injury psychiatric-disorders predictor children impact General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: PC11-PC13
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 10
Number: 4
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2249-782X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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