Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Comparing HBV Viral Load in Serum, Cerumen, and Saliva and Correlation With HBeAg Serum Status in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection

Mon May 27 07:48:17 2024

(2016) Comparing HBV Viral Load in Serum, Cerumen, and Saliva and Correlation With HBeAg Serum Status in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection. Hepatitis Monthly. p. 7. ISSN 1735-143X

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Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B is a disease that is prevalent worldwide and is responsible for 10 of the deaths that occur every year. The virus persists in 5 of infected adults and 90 of infected children and can cause chronic hepatitis. In addition to blood, the virus may also be present in other secretions. Transmission through saliva, sexual fluids, and urine has also been confirmed. Objectives: The main aim of this study was to compare viral DNA copies in the serum, cerumen, and saliva of patients with HBeAg levels in their sera. Patients and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study and subjects were selected by non-randomized methods. Serum, cerumen, and saliva samples were collected from 50 patients who were diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B about a year prior to the study. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to determine the presence of HBsAg and HBeAg in the gathered specimens. Viral DNA was extracted from specimens by using a Qiagen kit. The number of viral DNA copies was determined using a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. The study was performed in Ilam province in western Iran. Results: Twenty-eight percent of the patients were HBeAg positive. The average number of viral copies in serum, cerumen, and saliva was higher in women than in men, and a significant correlation was observed between the gender and average viral copies. However, no significant correlation was observed between viral copies present in the serum and cerumen with the age and gender of patients. In addition, no correlation was observed between serum HBeAg and viral copies present in serum, cerumen, and saliva. The correlation analysis confirmed a direct and definite correlation between viral DNA loads in the patients' serum and cerumen. Conclusions: A significant direct correlation was observed between the viral DNA copies present in patients' cerumen and serum. However, the correlation between saliva viral load with serum and cerumen viral load was very low and inverse. These findings suggest that the presence of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) in non-invasive specimens (such as cerumen and saliva) should also be evaluated when monitoring patients to determine the course of infection and disease.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Parizad, E. G.UNSPECIFIED
Parizad, E. G.UNSPECIFIED
Khosravi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Amraei, M.UNSPECIFIED
Valizadeh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Davoudian, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Serum Cerumen Saliva HBeAg HBV-DNA virus-infection hepatocellular-carcinoma risk transmission reactivation management hbsag Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 7
Journal or Publication Title: Hepatitis Monthly
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 16
Number: 5
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.5812/hepatmon.30385
ISSN: 1735-143X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/469

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