Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Relationship between Personality Disorders in Parents and Psychiatric Disorders in Children and Adolescents in Ilam and its Suburbs, Iran 2018-2019

Thu Feb 22 20:58:14 2024

(2023) Relationship between Personality Disorders in Parents and Psychiatric Disorders in Children and Adolescents in Ilam and its Suburbs, Iran 2018-2019. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. pp. 158-172. ISSN 17359279 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background and purpose: Behavioral and personality traits of family members, especially the parents can affect a child's behavior. According to high prevalence of mental disorders in Iran, this study was conducted to determine the relationship between personality disorders in parents and psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional-analytical survey was performed in children and adolescents aged 6-18 years in Ilam and its suburbs, west of Iran, 2018-2019. A total of 1022 children and adolescents were selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. Semi-structured interviews were carried out and data were collected using Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory. Data analysis was done applying descriptive statistics and calculation of odds ratio with 95 confidence interval. Results: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders was 10.80 in boys and 8.15 in girls. The most prevalent disorders in boys were depression (0.81), enuresis (3.67 ), hyperactivity (1.84 ), and specific fear (1.22 ) and in girls separation anxiety (4.17) was more common. Findings showed significant direct relationships between depressive personality disorder in mothers and depression in children (OR= 1.07, 95 CI: 1-1.14, P=0.02) and between depressive personality disorder in fathers and nocturnal enuresis in children (OR= 1.07, 95 CI: 1.01-1.14, P=0.02), and also between avoidant personality disorder in fathers and specific fear disorder in children (OR=1.09, 95 CI: 1-1.20, P=0.04). Conclusion: In this study, we observed high prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents that are significantly linked to the personality traits of parents and should be taken into account in making diagnosis and designing interventions. © 2023, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Naseri, A.UNSPECIFIED
Yadegari, N.UNSPECIFIED
Vaisani, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Asadollahi, K.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: adolescent child parent personality disorder psychiatric disorder adult anxiety Article child parent relation controlled study cross-sectional study depression enuresis fear female human hyperactivity major clinical study male mental disease
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 158-172
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 33
Number: 220
ISSN: 17359279 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4530

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