Repository of Research and Investigative Information

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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Techno-environmental study on the consequences of carwash wastewater and its management methods

Sat Feb 24 13:48:30 2024

(2023) Techno-environmental study on the consequences of carwash wastewater and its management methods. Heliyon. ISSN 24058440 (ISSN)

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Carwash wastewater (CWW) is an important source of environmental pollution. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of CWW and technical comparison of its treatment methods. For this purpose, a systematic search was conducted and after three stages of screening the found articles, finally 30 articles were selected for this review. The results showed that due to the differences in the type of washing, the geological condition, the type of car, and the climatic conditions, the CWWs have temporal and spatial variation in the concentration of pollutants. However, the most important pollutants of CWW include oil, suspended solids, detergents, and organic compounds. The most widely used methods in CWW treatment in the main stages included chemical coagulation and electrocoagulation, which reduce turbidity by more than 90 and COD by more than 50 in the best efficiency. Also, membrane technology was a common method in CWW treatment systems to achieve proper effluent quality. COD reduction by ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, microfiltration, and reverse osmosis was 95-77, more than 90, 81-73, and 87, respectively. The efficiency of membrane technologies in reducing turbidity was often more than 90 and in few cases more than 50. Sludge production in the coagulation process, energy consumption in electrochemical processes, and the low water recovery rate in membrane processes are important challenges in CWW treatment that must be managed by modifying the process or using combined methods. © 2023 The Authors

Item Type: Article
Yousefi Nasab, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Environmental pollution Oily wastewater Wastewater management Water reuse
Journal or Publication Title: Heliyon
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 9
Number: 9
Identification Number:
ISSN: 24058440 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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