Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Outcomes of the Fluoroscopically-Guided vs. Computed-Tomography-Guided Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection in Low Back Pain: A Propensity-matched Prospective Cohort

Tue Mar 5 18:34:24 2024

(2023) Outcomes of the Fluoroscopically-Guided vs. Computed-Tomography-Guided Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection in Low Back Pain: A Propensity-matched Prospective Cohort. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. p. 23. ISSN 1016-1430 (Print) 2251-6840 (Electronic) 1016-1430 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/37180858

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP), the most common musculoskeletal condition, imposes a significant burden on healthcare and triggers mental and physical disorders. Before surgery, patients are eligible for minimally-invasive treatments, including transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI). We aimed to compare fluoroscopically- and CT-guided TFESI in patients with subacute (4-12 weeks) and chronic (>/=12 weeks) LBP. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 121 adults with subacute or chronic LBP were recruited. Using propensity score matching (PSM), we created two age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) matched groups of fluoroscopically- and CT-guided TFESI, each including 38 patients. The outcomes of interest were the Oswestry disability index (ODI) and numerical rating scale (NRS), which were measured in all patients before the procedure and at the three-month follow-up. Then, the ODI and NRS mean changes were compared between Fluoroscopy and CT groups using repeated measures ANOVA. All analyses were performed with IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, version 26 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: Of the total 76 matched patients with a mean (SD) age of 66.22 (13.49), 81 (66.9) were female. ODI and NRS scores significantly decreased from baseline to the three-month follow-up in both treatment groups. The ODI score mean change from baseline to follow-up compared between the two groups was insignificant (fluoroscopy vs. CT mean difference (95 CI): 1.092 (-0.333-2.518), P = 0.131). Similarly, the NRS score mean change from baseline to follow-up compared between the two groups was insignificant (fluoroscopy vs. CT mean difference (95 CI): -0.132 (-0.529-0.265), P = 0.511). CONCLUSION: Fluoroscopically- and CT-guided TFESI show similar therapeutic effectiveness in patients with subacute and chronic LBP.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Rafati, A.UNSPECIFIED
Ghanaati, H.UNSPECIFIED
Asadi, B.UNSPECIFIED
Mehrabi, F.UNSPECIFIED
Rahmatian, A.UNSPECIFIED
Hassani, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Epidural Injection Fluoroscopy Low Back Pain Nerve Block Steroid X-Ray CT scan
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 23
Journal or Publication Title: Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 37
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.47176/mjiri.37.23
ISSN: 1016-1430 (Print) 2251-6840 (Electronic) 1016-1430 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4513

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