Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Comparing machine learning algorithms to predict COVID‑19 mortality using a dataset including chest computed tomography severity score data

Tue Apr 23 11:53:38 2024

(2023) Comparing machine learning algorithms to predict COVID‑19 mortality using a dataset including chest computed tomography severity score data. Scientific Reports. p. 11343. ISSN 2045-2322 (Electronic) 2045-2322 (Linking)

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Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, new and non-invasive digital technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) had been introduced for mortality prediction of COVID-19 patients. The prognostic performances of the machine learning (ML)-based models for predicting clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients had been mainly evaluated using demographics, risk factors, clinical manifestations, and laboratory results. There is a lack of information about the prognostic role of imaging manifestations in combination with demographics, clinical manifestations, and laboratory predictors. The purpose of the present study is to develop an efficient ML prognostic model based on a more comprehensive dataset including chest CT severity score (CT-SS). Fifty-five primary features in six main classes were retrospectively reviewed for 6854 suspected cases. The independence test of Chi-square was used to determine the most important features in the mortality prediction of COVID-19 patients. The most relevant predictors were used to train and test ML algorithms. The predictive models were developed using eight ML algorithms including the J48 decision tree (J48), support vector machine (SVM), multi-layer perceptron (MLP), k-nearest neighbourhood (k-NN), Naive Bayes (NB), logistic regression (LR), random forest (RF), and eXtreme gradient boosting (XGBoost). The performances of the predictive models were evaluated using accuracy, precision, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the ROC curve (AUC) metrics. After applying the exclusion criteria, a total of 815 positive RT-PCR patients were the final sample size, where 54.85 of the patients were male and the mean age of the study population was 57.22 +/- 16.76 years. The RF algorithm with an accuracy of 97.2, the sensitivity of 100, a precision of 94.8, specificity of 94.5, F1-score of 97.3, and AUC of 99.9 had the best performance. Other ML algorithms with AUC ranging from 81.2 to 93.9 had also good prediction performances in predicting COVID-19 mortality. Results showed that timely and accurate risk stratification of COVID-19 patients could be performed using ML-based predictive models fed by routine data. The proposed algorithm with the more comprehensive dataset including CT-SS could efficiently predict the mortality of COVID-19 patients. This could lead to promptly targeting high-risk patients on admission, the optimal use of hospital resources, and an increased probability of survival of patients.

Item Type: Article
Kazemi-Arpanahi, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Humans Adult Middle Aged Aged *Artificial Intelligence Bayes Theorem Pandemics Retrospective Studies *COVID-19/diagnostic imaging Tomography, X-Ray Computed Algorithms Machine Learning
Page Range: p. 11343
Journal or Publication Title: Scientific Reports
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2045-2322 (Electronic) 2045-2322 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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