Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The relation between dietary quality and healthy eating index with bone mineral density in osteoporosis: a case-control study

Sat Mar 2 00:31:42 2024

(2023) The relation between dietary quality and healthy eating index with bone mineral density in osteoporosis: a case-control study. Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders. p. 7.

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Abstract

BackgroundIn this study, we aimed to illustrate the association between the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and Dietary Quality Index (DQI) with bone mineral density (BMD) among postmenopausal Iranian women with osteoporosis compared to the healthy control.MethodsIn the current case-control study, 131 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and 131 healthy postmenopausal women participated. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess the lumbar vertebrae and femoral neck BMD. The subjects completed a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and then HEI and DQI were calculated based on the FFQ data. Crude and adjusted multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the relation between HEI and DQI with the odds of the femoral and lumbar BMD.ResultsAccording to the results, participants in the last tertile of HEI were more likely to have higher femoral and lumbar BMD in the crude model (odds ratio (OR) = 0.38; 95 confidence interval (CI): 0.20-0.71 and OR = 0.20; 95 CI: 0.10-0.40, respectively) and also in the adjusted model (OR = 0.40; 95 CI: 0.20-0.78 and OR = 0.20; 95 CI: 0.10-0.41, respectively). Also, in terms of DQI-I, participants in the last tertile were more likely to have higher femoral and lumbar BMD in the crude model (OR = 0.23; 95 CI: 0.12-0.45 and OR = 0.29; 95 CI: 0.15-0.55, respectively) and also in the adjusted model (OR = 0.29; 95 CI: 0.14-0.58 and OR = 0.34; 95 CI: 0.17-0.67, respectively).ConclusionsThe results of the current study supported the hypothesis that high-quality diets with healthy patterns can be clinically effective in maintaining bone health. Thus, recommendations regarding the consumption of nutrient-rich food groups in a healthy diet can serve as a practical non-pharmacological strategy against osteoporosis.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Ghadiri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Soltani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Rajabzadeh-Dehkordi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Gerami, S.UNSPECIFIED
Shateri, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Nouri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Gargari, B. P.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Healthy eating index Dietary quality index Bone density Osteoporosis international dqi-i association nutrients fractures turnover validity patterns protein update impact Orthopedics Rheumatology
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 7
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 24
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-023-06704-3
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4481

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