Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The relationship between the intake of fruits, vegetables, and dairy products with hypertension: findings from the STEPS study

Thu Jul 25 19:19:12 2024

(2023) The relationship between the intake of fruits, vegetables, and dairy products with hypertension: findings from the STEPS study. Bmc Nutrition. p. 10.

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Abstract

BackgroundThe current research aimed to evaluate the relationship between fruit, vegetable (FV), and dairy consumption with the odds of developing hypertension based on nationwide Stepwise approach to surveillance (STEPS) data in Iran.MethodsThis cross-sectional study was accomplished by the research center of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Tehran. In total, 29,378 individuals' data were analyzed. Participants were classified into normal, elevated BP, stage I, and stage II hypertension according to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) examinations. Based on the STEPS questionnaire, the consumption of FVs and dairy products was evaluated. Multinomial logistic regression was applied to assess the relationship between the consumption of FVs and dairy products with hypertension.ResultsThe findings revealed that only fruit consumption (& GE; 2 servings/day) was negatively related to stage I hypertension (odds ratio (OR) = 0.81; 95 confidence interval (CI): 0.69-0.95) in two servings per day and OR = 0.81; 95 CI: 0.68-0.96 in > two servings per day) in the adjusted model. There was no significant relationship between consuming vegetables and dairy products with elevated BP and hypertension.ConclusionOur study showed that increasing fruit consumption was related to reducing hypertension odds. Regarding the consumption of dairy products and vegetables, no significant relationship was found with the odds of hypertension. More studies, especially cohorts, are needed to evaluate the impacts of FV and dairy products on the risk of hypertension.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Nouri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Shateri, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Vali, M.UNSPECIFIED
Faghih, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Fruit Vegetable Dairy Hypertension STEPS dose-response metaanalysis lower blood-pressure risk-factors dietary-intake consumption food iran calcium disease health Nutrition & Dietetics
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 10
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Nutrition
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 9
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40795-023-00756-3
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4447

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