Repository of Research and Investigative Information

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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Global prevalence of Neospora caninum in rodents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Sat Feb 24 12:50:42 2024

(2023) Global prevalence of Neospora caninum in rodents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Veterinary Medicine and Science. p. 9.

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Abstract

BackgroundNeosporosis has been considered a cause of abortion in dairy and beef cattle worldwide. Rodents are reservoir hosts for several infectious diseases. It is necessary to determine the prevalence of Neospora caninum in rodents to improve the current understanding of the transmission dynamics of Neospora as well as its life cycle and risk of transmission to livestock. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to estimate the pooled global prevalence of N. caninum in different rodent species. MethodsPublished studies on the prevalence of N. caninum in different rodent species were searched in the MEDLINE/PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar and the reference lists of the retrieved articles until July 30, 2022. The eligible studies were selected using inclusion and exclusion criteria. The extracted data were verified and analysed using the random-effect meta-analysis. ResultFor this meta-analysis, a total of 4372 rodents from 26 eligible studies were included. The global prevalence of N. caninum in rodents was estimated at 5 (95 CI 2-9), with the highest prevalence in Asia (12; 95 CI 6-24) and lowest prevalence in America (3; 95 CI 1-14) and Europe (3; 95 CI 1-6). N. caninum was more prevalent in females (4; 95 CI 2-9) than in males (3; 95 CI 1-11). The most common diagnostic test was polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (21 studies). The pooled prevalence of N. caninum in rodents based on the diagnostic method was as follows: immunohistochemistry: 11 (95 CI 6-20), NAT: 5 (95 CI 4-7), IFAT: 5 (95 CI 2-13) and PCR: 3 (95 CI 1-9). ConclusionThe results of this study showed a relatively low but widespread prevalence of N. caninum infection in rodents.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Hamzavi, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Salimi, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Adimi, P.UNSPECIFIED
Falahi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Bozorgomid, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: meta-analysis Neospora neosporosis prevalence rodent systematic review sao-paulo state toxoplasma-gondii hydrochoerus-hydrochaeris leishmania-infantum brain-tissue antibodies coinfection infection capybaras DNA Veterinary Sciences
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 9
Journal or Publication Title: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Journal Index: ISI
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/vms3.1196
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4441

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