Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The effect of culturally appropriate self-care intervention on health literacy, health-related quality of life and glycemic control in Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes: A controlled randomized clinical trial

Wed Feb 21 02:33:27 2024

(2023) The effect of culturally appropriate self-care intervention on health literacy, health-related quality of life and glycemic control in Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes: A controlled randomized clinical trial. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research. pp. 293-299. ISSN 1735-9066

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Abstract

Background: Cultural and language differences are necessary factors for diabetes management and self-care education programs in patients suffering from diabetes. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of culture-based self-care intervention on health literacy, quality of life, and glycemic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial has been carried out in selected centers in Darreh Shahr, Iran; 80 participants were randomly assigned into intervention and control groups. The intervention group received an educational program for 6 sessions twice a week, but the control group only received routine services. Data were collected using health literacy and life quality scales for diabetic patients, which were completed by both groups before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention; hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) was checked before and 3 months after the intervention. SPSS software was also analyzed data using ?(2), Fisher's exact, independent t, and repeated measures analysis of variance tests. Results: There were no significant differences between the 2 groups before the study (p >0.05) goes forward. But, mean scores of health literacy (F-2,F-40 = 5.61, p =0.007), quality of life (F-2, 40 = 4.09, p =0.01), and HbA1c levels (t, 39 = 6. 91, p <0.001) have shown significant differences between the 2 groups immediately and 3 months after the intervention have been applied. Conclusions: Culturally appropriate intervention should be offered as a part of the nurse' care program for diabetic to control HbA1c, and improve their life quality and health literacy.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Amoozadeh, B.UNSPECIFIED
Parandeh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Khamseh, F.UNSPECIFIED
Goharrizi, MasbUNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Culture diabetes mellitus education health literacy quality of life self care mellitus impact association education Nursing
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 293-299
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 28
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr₃₉₁₂₀
ISSN: 1735-9066
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4439

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