Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Early maladaptive schemas in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia: A comparative study

Mon Jun 17 02:13:32 2024

(2021) Early maladaptive schemas in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia: A comparative study. Current Psychology. pp. 2442-2452. ISSN 1046-1310

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Abstract

This study aimed to compare early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) among patients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD, n = 120), bipolar disorder (BD, n = 100), schizophrenia (n = 82), and healthy subjects (n = 60). To collect data, the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-SF), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were used. The results showed that patients with OCD, BD, and schizophrenia had higher scores on all EMSs than healthy subjects. Patients with OCD had higher scores on all EMSs except for entitlement, insufficient self-control, and mistrust/abuse than individuals with schizophrenia and/or BD. The entitlement and insufficient self-control schemas were higher in BD patients than patients with OCD and schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia scored higher on the mistrust/abuse schema than OCD and BD patients. Similar findings were also reported in subgroups with low and high depression. The findings show that some of the EMSs are specific to OCD, BD, and schizophrenia. Also, patients with OCD, BD, and schizophrenia have the highest numbers of EMSs respectively. In addition, increased depression may activate EMSs in patients with OCD, BD, and schizophrenia.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Khosravani, V.UNSPECIFIED
Bastan, F. S.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadzadeh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Amirinezhad, A.UNSPECIFIED
Ardestani, S. M. S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Early maladaptive schemas Obsessive-compulsive disorder Bipolar disorder Schizophrenia childhood trauma cognitive vulnerability response prevention short-form therapy risk depression questionnaire stability psychosis Psychology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 2442-2452
Journal or Publication Title: Current Psychology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 40
Number: 5
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00195-z
ISSN: 1046-1310
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4422

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