Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The status of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Iran compared to the world: a systematic review

Tue Apr 16 08:59:52 2024

(2022) The status of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Iran compared to the world: a systematic review. Reviews and Research in Medical Microbiology. pp. 203-211. ISSN 2770-3150

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Introduction: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of vaccine-preventable deaths worldwide. Sero-epidemiological data on S. pneumoniae is needed in each country to monitor the burden of this important pathogen in each population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, antibiotic resistance, prevalent serotypes and virulence factors of S. pneumoniae in Iran, compared to other parts of the world. Methods: A search via Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, ISI, Iranmedex, Magiran, SID and ISC was conducted for original articles investigating S. pneumoniae in Iran. The search terms were 'Streptococcus pneumoniae', 'S. pneumoniae', 'prevalence', 'antibiotic resistance', 'antimicrobial resistance', 'typing', 'serotyping', 'virulence factors', 'Iran'. Results: The overall prevalence of invasive pneumococcal disease had an increasing trend in Iran. The most common serotypes amongst Iranian population were 1, 19A, 6A/6B, 23F, 14,18C, 20, 19, 3, 6, 9V, 11A and 19F. Resistance to penicillin and co-trimoxazole had significant decreasing trends whilst resistance to erythromycin was increasing although insignificantly. The most prevalent pneumococcal virulence genes were lytA and pspC. Conclusion: Since pneumococcal serotypes differ in invasiveness, virulence, and antibiotic resistance it is important to closely monitor the changes on evolving serotypes, antibiotic resistance and virulence factors of this pathogen to be able to implement suitable prevention and therapeutic strategies. Copyright (C) 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Hasannejad-Bibalan, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: antibiotic resistance antimicrobial resistance Iran prevalence S. pneumoniae serotyping Streptococcus pneumoniae typing virulence factors pneumococcal disease ipd antimicrobial resistance nasopharyngeal carriage erythromycin resistance serotyping distribution antibiotic consumption multiplex pcr risk-factors children trends Microbiology
Page Range: pp. 203-211
Journal or Publication Title: Reviews and Research in Medical Microbiology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 33
Number: 4
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2770-3150
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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