Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Regularity in Breakfast and Snacks Intake and Its Relationship with Weight Status in Elementary School Students: A Cross Sectional Study

Tue Apr 16 04:53:10 2024

(2023) Regularity in Breakfast and Snacks Intake and Its Relationship with Weight Status in Elementary School Students: A Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad. pp. 17477-17486. ISSN 2345-5047

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Abstract

Background: Childhood weight status is one of the important predictors of health status later in life. Some previous studies have postulated a relationship between the pattern of breakfast intake and weight status, but this relationship has not yet been clearly confirmed. This study aimed to assess the status of regularity in intake of breakfast and snacks and its relationship with weight status in elementary school students. Method: This study was done with a descriptive-analytic design. 362 children (Males: 192, Females: 170 child) were selected from elementary schools of Urmia by the use of stratified cluster sampling. A dietary 24-hour recall form was used for the assessment of intakes. Data about breakfast, snacks, height, weight, and waist circumferences were collected. Children's Physical Activity Questionnaire (PAQ-C) was used to assess the participants' physical activity level. Data were analyzed using the descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS software. Results: Mean student age, weight and BMI were 10.57 +/- 1.17 years, 37.44 +/- 11.30 kg and 18.4 +/- 3.39, respectively. 53.2 of girls had a regular breakfast and 55 regular snack intake. Among the boys, 46.8 had regular breakfast and 45 regular snack intake. Results showed a significant relationship between BMI and snacks consumption (p = 0.02). There was a significant relationship between the frequency of irregular breakfast intake and weight (P=0.01), but the relationship was not significant for the body mass index (P = 0.11). 58.1 of the students in the irregular breakfast group and 64.4 of those in the irregular snacks group were lean. Conclusions: Regular intake of snacks was correlated with higher weight status and maintaining desirable BMI. Irregular breakfast intake was related to lower weight. Most students with irregular breakfast and snack intake were underweight and thin.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Hosseinzadegan, F.UNSPECIFIED
Pak, M. H. M.UNSPECIFIED
Namadi, F.UNSPECIFIED
Vahabzadeh, D.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Elementary school BMI Breakfast Obesity Overweight Snacks childhood obesity physical-activity children consumption adolescents associations overweight frequency behaviors disease Pediatrics
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 17477-17486
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 11
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2023.69856.5152
ISSN: 2345-5047
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4369

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