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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of Pediculosis Among Primary School-Aged Students in Iran: an Updated Comprehensive Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Sun Jun 23 07:54:22 2024

(2022) Prevalence of Pediculosis Among Primary School-Aged Students in Iran: an Updated Comprehensive Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Medical Entomology. pp. 1861-1879. ISSN 0022-2585

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Abstract

In this study, a systematic investigation was performed to estimate the prevalence of head lice infestation, and to determine the factors affecting the prevalence of heterogeneity among primary school-aged children in Iran. A comprehensive search was fulfilled in international databases, including MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Embase, to identify the articles on the prevalence of pediculosis. So, all the cross-sectional epidemiological studies evaluating the prevalence of pediculosis were covered without any restrictions. A random-effects model was used to assess the pooled prevalence. A meta-regression method was applied to determine the factors affecting the heterogeneity among the studied population. An analysis was performed on 67 studies with a total sample size of 358,053. The total pooled estimate for the prevalence of pediculosis in boys and girls was 7.52 (95 CI: 6.15-9.03), 1.99 (95 CI: 1.25-2.89), and 8.97 (95 CI: 721-10.91), respectively. The highest and lowest pooled prevalence was in Hormozgan (southern Iran) (29.21; 95 CI: 8.89-55.34) and Isfahan (Central Iran) (0.69; 95 CI: 0.59-0.80), respectively. Based on the results of the univariate meta-regression, gender and father's job showed a significant direct association with the prevalence of pediculosis, but the sample size had significant inverse relations with the prevalence of pediculosis. This study demonstrated that pediculosis is a common public health problem affecting school-aged children with a relatively high prevalence in Iran, especially among girls.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Akbari, M.UNSPECIFIED
Sheikhi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Rafinejad, J.UNSPECIFIED
Akbari, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Pakzad, I.UNSPECIFIED
Abdi, F.UNSPECIFIED
Pakzad, R.UNSPECIFIED
Aivazi, A. A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: pediculosis school children infestation meta-analysis Iran head lice infestation risk-factors humanus-capitis primary schoolchildren louse infestations children province city county west Entomology Veterinary Sciences
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 1861-1879
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Medical Entomology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 59
Number: 6
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjac117
ISSN: 0022-2585
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4341

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