Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Predicting Risk of Mortality in COVID-19 Hospitalized Patients using Hybrid Machine Learning Algorithms

Sat Jul 13 03:20:23 2024

(2022) Predicting Risk of Mortality in COVID-19 Hospitalized Patients using Hybrid Machine Learning Algorithms. Journal of biomedical physics & engineering. pp. 611-626. ISSN 2251-7200 (Print) 2251-7200 (Electronic) 2251-7200 (Linking)

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BACKGROUND: Since hospitalized patients with COVID-19 are considered at high risk of death, the patients with the sever clinical condition should be identified. Despite the potential of machine learning (ML) techniques to predict the mortality of COVID-19 patients, high-dimensional data is considered a challenge, which can be addressed by metaheuristic and nature-inspired algorithms, such as genetic algorithm (GA). OBJECTIVE: This paper aimed to compare the efficiency of the GA with several ML techniques to predict COVID-19 in-hospital mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 1353 COVID-19 in-hospital patients were examined from February 9 to December 20, 2020. The GA technique was applied to select the important features, then using selected features several ML algorithms such as K-nearest-neighbor (K-NN), Decision Tree (DT), Support Vector Machines (SVM), and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) were trained to design predictive models. Finally, some evaluation metrics were used for the comparison of developed models. RESULTS: A total of 10 features out of 56 were selected, including length of stay (LOS), age, cough, respiratory intubation, dyspnea, cardiovascular diseases, leukocytosis, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), C-reactive protein, and pleural effusion by 10-independent execution of GA. The GA-SVM had the best performance with the accuracy and specificity of 9.5147e+01 and 9.5112e+01, respectively. CONCLUSION: The hybrid ML models, especially the GA-SVM, can improve the treatment of COVID-19 patients, predict severe disease and mortality, and optimize the utilization of health resources based on the improvement of input features and the adaption of the structure of the models.

Item Type: Article
Shanbehzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Kazemi-Arpanahi, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence Coronavirus (COVID-19) Data Mining Machine Learning Mortality
Page Range: pp. 611-626
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of biomedical physics & engineering
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 12
Number: 6
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2251-7200 (Print) 2251-7200 (Electronic) 2251-7200 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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