Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Risk Assessment of Arbaeen Mass Gathering in the Covid-19 Pandemic

Mon Jun 17 00:42:44 2024

(2022) Risk Assessment of Arbaeen Mass Gathering in the Covid-19 Pandemic. Dialogues in health. p. 100061. ISSN 2772-6533 (Electronic) 2772-6533 (Linking)

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INTRODUCTION: Arbaeen is a religious ceremony held annually with the participation of a large number of pilgrims. During the pandemic of Covid-19, a mass gathering of Arbaeen pilgrims can strengthen the transmission of this disease and put more pressure on the health care system of countries. The aim of the study is to evaluate the risk of Arbaeen ceremony in the Covid-19 pandemic in 2021. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mixed method was performed to perform the study using qualitative and quantitative methods. A national risk assessment tool was used that consisted of hazard identification and assessment, scenario development, exposure assessment, vulnerability assessment and risk estimation. The national risk assessment tool was completed through a focused group discussion and the opinions of 20 representatives of the health system and the level of risks were estimated. Data were collected, analyzed, and integrated by the research team. RESULTS: Based on the results of risk matrix analysis, factors such as the increase in the number of new cases of COVID-19, the probability of exposure to a new variant of COVID-19, the probability of arrival of a new variant of COVID-19 to the country, the probability of increasing referrals to healthcare facilities (score 16), the probability of getting respiratory diseases, and the environmental contamination (score 12) occupied the red area of the matrix and were found to have the highest risk (unbearable risk), that needs immediate action. CONCLUSION: Preparing for a mass gathering such as Arbaeen is very important in order to reduce the risk of communicable disease, and the first step in improving preparedness is risk assessment and its continuity in the various stages of the ceremony. Therefore, policy makers and planners of such events should conduct risk assessments with the participation of local and national public health authorities regularly.

Item Type: Article
Abbasabadi-Arab, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Arbaeen Covid-19 Mass gathering Risk assessment
Page Range: p. 100061
Journal or Publication Title: Dialogues in health
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2772-6533 (Electronic) 2772-6533 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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