Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Brain Abscess Caused by Nocardia asteroides in a Diabetic Patient: A Rare Case Report

Wed Feb 28 23:48:19 2024

(2022) Brain Abscess Caused by Nocardia asteroides in a Diabetic Patient: A Rare Case Report. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. pp. 407-411. ISSN 0044-0086

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Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000905320100002

Abstract

Nocardial brain abscess is usually associated with immunodeficiency, but can sometimes emerge in healthy individuals. This infection can be acquired through inhalation or direct inoculation of the bacteria, followed by dissemination to various organs, including the brain, through blood circulation. Mortality rate due to nocardial cerebral abscess is three times higher than that associated with cerebral abscess caused by other types of bacteria. Moreover, patients with Nocardia asteroides-associated brain abscess show poorer prognosis compared to patients with brain abscess caused by other Nocardia species, which is probably due to the high tendency of N. asteroides to become resistant to numerous antibiotics. It is, therefore, of paramount importance to diagnose and treat N. asteroides cerebral abscess in patients as soon as possible. The current paper is a rare report of a brain abscess caused by N. asteroides in a diabetic patient who failed to respond to multiple antibiotics (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and amikacin), but improved by receiving imipenem and linezolid, and was finally successfully treated by surgical operation and long-term antibiotic therapy (imipenem and linezolid).

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Rahdar, H. A.UNSPECIFIED
Heidari, H.UNSPECIFIED
Karami-Zarandi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Soori, T.UNSPECIFIED
Asadollahi, P.UNSPECIFIED
Kazemian, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Brain abscess Nocardia asteroides Diabetes farcinica Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics General & Internal Medicine Research & Experimental Medicine
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 407-411
Journal or Publication Title: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 95
Number: 4
ISSN: 0044-0086
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4195

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