Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Assessment of the Delirium Prevalence among Pediatric Patients Admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in West of Iran

Sat Feb 24 12:36:24 2024

(2023) Assessment of the Delirium Prevalence among Pediatric Patients Admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in West of Iran. Archives of Neuroscience. p. 5. ISSN 2322-3944

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Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000904659500001

Abstract

Background: Delirium is often not diagnosed or treated in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Delirium leads to a longer hospital stay period, which in turn can result in an increase in hospital treatment costs and an increase in the risk of nosocomial infections.Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of delirium and its risk factors in PICU pediatric.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2021-2022 in hospitals affiliated to Kermanshah University of Medical Sci-ences. The data collection instruments included the Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS) and the Cornell Assessment of Pe-diatric Delirium (CAPD) questionnaire. Delirium was assessed by the researcher twice a day, in the morning and the evening. The assessment was carried out by a trained person, and the examination results were confirmed by an anesthesiologist who was a member of the research team. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS ver. 16.Results: According to our study results, the majority of the 89 examined patients were male (n = 52 cases, 59.8), aged 13-16 years (n = 37 cases, 42.5), and were admitted due to pneumonia (n = 24 cases, 27.6). The prevalence of delirium was higher in patients with pain and those requiring oxygen therapy (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the overall prevalence of delirium in PICU patients was 25.3 (n = 22 cases).Conclusions: Investigating the prevalence of delirium in all age groups - pediatric and adolescents, in particular - was found to be extremely important. It was also found that the prevalence of delirium in PICU patients was significant; therefore, it was recom-mended that necessary preventive and medical interventions should be made to deal with these patients.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Darabi, B.UNSPECIFIED
Alemzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Karbasfrushan, A.UNSPECIFIED
Borji, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Delirium Intensive Care Units Pediatric emergence delirium cornell assessment icu patients children reliability mortality covid-19 scale Neurosciences & Neurology
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 5
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of Neuroscience
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 10
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.5812/ans-133029
ISSN: 2322-3944
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4194

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