Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Trichomoniasis in pregnant women in South-East Iran:Diagnosis, frequency and factors affecting

Mon May 20 16:14:25 2024

(2021) Trichomoniasis in pregnant women in South-East Iran:Diagnosis, frequency and factors affecting. Turk Hijyen ve Deneysel Biyoloji Dergisi. pp. 507-516. ISSN 03779777 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Objective: Trichomonas vaginalis is considered to be the most prevalent cause of non-viral sexuallytransmitted infections globally and is a major healthissue in developing countries. Since this flagellateprotozoan parasite is associated with vaginitis,urethritis, cervicitis, and also pregnancy is one of thefactors affecting trichomoniasis in women. Our aim isto identify the prevalence of trichomoniasis and theassociated risk factors in pregnant women in the agegroup of 17-40 in the city of Zahedan (Southeast of Iran).Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on514 pregnant women who had referred to a midwifery clinicin Zahedan. Direct microscopic examination and Dorsetegg medium culture were used to detect T. vaginalis inpregnant women. The demographic and personal records,along with the associated risk factors were collected usinga questionnaire and then analyzed using the Frequency tocalculate the age average, chi-square test, independentt-test with SPSS software version 20.Results: The results showed that in 514 pregnantwomen, by the direct method, both the direct and culture methods and only culture method, 29(5.64),24(4.67), and 24(4.67) were reported positivesample for T. vaginalis, respectively. According tothis result, there were significant differences betweentrichomoniasis and history of STI (OR=12,6; 95CI=3,9-40,6) and previous abortion (OR = 6.840, CI:2.906-16.100) and vaginal discharge (OR= 2.9; 95CI= 1.2-7.1)and antenatal care (OR=0.2; 95CI= 0.1-0.7) in thestudied infected pregnant women (p<0.05).Conclusion: This study has raised several importantpoints that could contribute to the research on infectiousdiseases of pregnancy were also discussed. This dataproves that trichomoniasis during pregnancy should beconsidered an important health issue. Furthermore,by using parasitological diagnostic tests in pregnantwomen, the complications of trichomoniasis can beprevented for both the mother and the fetus © 2021, Turk Hijyen ve Deneysel Biyoloji Dergisi. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Khorashad, A. S.UNSPECIFIED
Raissi, V.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadzade, A. S.UNSPECIFIED
Etemadi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Raiesi, O.UNSPECIFIED
Nia, M. M.UNSPECIFIED
Dalir, S. N.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Diagnosis Frequency Iran Pregnant women Trichomonas vaginalis Zahedan
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 507-516
Journal or Publication Title: Turk Hijyen ve Deneysel Biyoloji Dergisi
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 78
Number: 4
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.5505/TURKHIJYEN.2021.67984
ISSN: 03779777 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4157

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