Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Epidemiology, Sociodemographic Factors and Comorbidity for Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma, and Rhinosinusitis Among 15 to 65-year-Old Iranian Patients

Tue Jun 25 02:57:37 2024

(2022) Epidemiology, Sociodemographic Factors and Comorbidity for Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma, and Rhinosinusitis Among 15 to 65-year-Old Iranian Patients. Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ISSN 10161430 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background: It is well established that upper and lower airways are often clumped together when diagnosing and treating a disease. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of upper and lower airway diseases and to assess the effect of sociodemographic factors on the prevalence and the comorbidity of these disorders. Methods: This cross-sectional population-based study included patients with ages ranging between 15 to 65 years, who were referred to allergy outpatient clinics in various provinces of Iran from April to September 2020. A modified global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA2LEN) screening questionnaire was filled out by local allergists of the 12 selected provinces in Iran. Information about the patients and sociodemographic factors was also recorded. Statistical analysis was done by univariate statistical analyses and multiple logistic regressions in SPSS software Version 26. Results: Out of 4988 recruited patients, 1078 (21.6) had the symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) and 285 (5.7) met the criteria of asthma. The prevalence of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) was 21.6 and 22, respectively. The highest prevalence of AR and ARS was in Tehran with the arateof of 33.9 each. Asthma was more prevalent in Khuzestan (14.2) and CRS in Baluchestan (57.5). Our analysis showed that the patients with asthma were most likely to have other allergic diseases as well— CRS (OR = 4.8; 95 CI, 2.02-5.82), AR (OR= 2.5, 95 CI, 2.10-3), ARS (OR = 1.8; 95 CI, 2.10-3), followed by eczema (OR = 1.4; 95 CI, 1.13-1.67).We found that those individuals with CRS were most likely to have painkiller hypersensitivity (OR= 2.1; 95 CI, 1.21-3.83). Furthermore, smoking has been found more than 1.5 folds in patients with ARS. After adjusting variables, there was no correlation between education, occupation, and ethnicity with the studied diseases. Conclusion: Rhinosinusitis is a common condition among Iranian patients. This study confirmed that inflammation of the upper and lower airways can occur simultaneously. Gender, education, occupation, and ethnicity were found to be irrelevant in the development © Iran University of Medical Sciences

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Nabavizadeh, S. H.UNSPECIFIED
Moghtaderi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Alyasin, S.UNSPECIFIED
Esmaeilzadeh, H.UNSPECIFIED
Teshnizi, S. H.UNSPECIFIED
Jabbari-Azad, F.UNSPECIFIED
Barzegar-Amini, M.UNSPECIFIED
Momen, T.UNSPECIFIED
Sadinejad, M.UNSPECIFIED
Abolnezhadian, F.UNSPECIFIED
Iranparast, S.UNSPECIFIED
Namavari, N.UNSPECIFIED
Houshmand, H.UNSPECIFIED
Sartipi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Safari, M.UNSPECIFIED
Eslamian, M. H.UNSPECIFIED
Darougar, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadiafshar, A.UNSPECIFIED
Amirsoleymani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Fouladvand, A.UNSPECIFIED
Ghaffari, J.UNSPECIFIED
Bazargan, N.UNSPECIFIED
Ebrahimi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Sedighi, G. R.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadzadeh, I.UNSPECIFIED
Araghi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Darabi, B.UNSPECIFIED
Babaei, M.UNSPECIFIED
Alesaadi, S. J.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Allergic rhinitis Asthma Epidemiology Iran Population Rhinosinusitis
Divisions:
Journal or Publication Title: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 36
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.47176/mjiri.36.128
ISSN: 10161430 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4135

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