Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of ocular trauma in 6–12-year-old children living in Shahroud, Iran

Tue Apr 16 06:08:06 2024

(2022) Prevalence of ocular trauma in 6–12-year-old children living in Shahroud, Iran. Bmc Ophthalmology. ISSN 14712415 (ISSN)

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Aim: To determine the prevalence of ocular trauma in Iranian children aged 6–12 years. Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study, comprised the first phase of the Shahroud Schoolchildren Eye Cohort Study on primary school children using cluster sampling in urban areas and census in rural areas. The students underwent the measurement of uncorrected and corrected visual acuity as well as non-cycloplegic, cycloplegic, and subjective refraction. The history of trauma, hospitalization, and surgery due to trauma was collected from parents using a questionnaire. Results: The data of the trauma history was recorded for 5267 out of 5620 students. The mean age of the students was 9.7 ± 1.7 years (range: 6–12 years), 53.7 of them were boys, and 79.3 were from urban areas. A positive history of ocular trauma was found in 285 participants, and the lifetime prevalence of ocular injury (95 CI) was 5.2 (4.6–5.9). Blunt trauma was the most common ocular injury with a prevalence of 66.2. There was a significant positive assocation between ocular trauma and living in rural areas (OR: 1.49, p: 0.012), older age (OR: 1.17, p < 0.001), and male sex (OR: 1.62, p: 0.002). Furthermore, 9.3 and 4.7 of the traumas required hospitalization and surgical intervention, respectively. Conclusion: This study found a marked prevalence of ocular trauma compared to previous studies. Male sex, older age, and living in rural areas were associated with ocular trauma, which could be due to differences in lifestyle preference, outdoor exposure, and dangerous situations. Educational programs and safety instructions should be encouraged. © 2022, The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Khabazkhoob, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Children Cross-sectional study Iran Ocular trauma Prevalence child cohort analysis eye injury eye refraction female human male vision test Cohort Studies Cross-Sectional Studies Eye Injuries Humans Refraction, Ocular Vision Tests
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Ophthalmology
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 22
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 14712415 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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