Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Economic evaluation of laboratory diagnostic test types in Covid-19 epidemic: A systematic review

Thu Jul 25 23:07:29 2024

(2022) Economic evaluation of laboratory diagnostic test types in Covid-19 epidemic: A systematic review. International journal of surgery (London, England). p. 106820. ISSN 1743-9159 (Electronic) 1743-9159 (Linking)

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BACKGROUND: Corona 2 virus (SARS-CoV-2) is known as the causative agent of COVID-19 disease; the World Health Organization (WHO) declared it an epidemic on March 11, 2020. The Joint Guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the WHO including social distancing, the use of face masks, emphasis on hand washing, quarantine, and using diagnosis tests have been used widely, but the value of diagnostic interventions to prevent the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is unclear. We compared the economic evaluation of different laboratory diagnostic interventions with each other and also with implementing the conservative CDC & WHO guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted on PubMed, Embase, Science Direct, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Knowledge, NHSEED, NHS Health Technology assessment (CRD), and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry databases. Related articles were reviewed from January 2020 to the end of November 2021. RESULTS: Out of 1791 initial studies, 13 articles had the inclusion criteria. According to the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) checklist, ten studies were of excellent quality, and the remaining two studies were of very good quality. Most studies were cost-effectiveness analysis studies. The entered studies had different time horizons. Diagnostic tests reviewed in the studies included real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test, immunoglobulin G (IgG) & Antigen, point of care tests. Although polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing improves the quality of life and survival for patients with infected Covid-19 based on its greater effectiveness compared to standard protection protocols, due to the high cost of this intervention, it has been considered a cost-effective method in some countries. CONCLUSION: Since most studies have been conducted in developed countries, it unquestionably does not make sense to extend these results to low-income and developing countries. Therefore further studies are required in low-income and developing countries to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of laboratory-based diagnostic methods (RT-PCR) of covid-19 in variable prevalence of infectious cases.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: *COVID-19/diagnosis/epidemiology/prevention & control COVID-19 Testing Cost-Benefit Analysis Diagnostic Tests, Routine Humans Immunoglobulin G Quality of Life SARS-CoV-2 United States Cost-effectiveness analysis RT-PCR tests Systematic review interests.
Page Range: p. 106820
Journal or Publication Title: International journal of surgery (London, England)
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 105
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1743-9159 (Electronic) 1743-9159 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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