Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of renal scaring caused by urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Fri May 24 09:44:44 2024

(2022) Prevalence of renal scaring caused by urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Przeglad epidemiologiczny. pp. 190-199. ISSN 0033-2100 (Print) 0033-2100 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36218164

Abstract

PURPOSE. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the second most common infection in children, the most important complication of which is renal scarring. The aim of present study was to evaluate the prevalence of renal scarring after UTI in children through systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The international databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science and the Google Scholar search engine were searched using standard keywords. The sources found were from 2010 to 2020 and the search stage was updated until 2021.02.16. Data were analyzed using STATA-14 software and the significance level was considered at P<0.05. RESULTS: In 29 studies with a sample size of 9,986 children, the prevalence of renal scarring in children was estimated at 35 (95 CI: 29-41). Also, the prevalence of renal scarring was in girls 61 (95 CI: 40-81) and in boys 34 (95 CI: 11-57). The prevalence of unilateral renal scarring in children was 56 (95 CI: 48-65) and bilateral renal scarring was 31 (95 CI: 14-48). In addition, the prevalence of scar was 54 in children with reflux and 12 in children without vesicoureteral reflux. CONCLUSIONS: More than one third of people under the age of 18 after UTI have renal scarring. The prevalence of this complication in girls is about 2 times higher than that in boys and in people with reflux, it is about 4 times higher than people who do not have urinary reflux. Also, about half of people under the age of 18 suffer from unilateral renal scarring and about one third of them suffer from bilateral renal scarring.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Moghimbeigi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Adibi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Meibodi, SmraUNSPECIFIED
Abdan, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Sarokhani, D.UNSPECIFIED
Fakhri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Dehkordi, A. H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Child Cicatrix/epidemiology/etiology/pathology Female Humans Infant Male Poland Prevalence *Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology *Vesico-Ureteral Reflux/complications children kidney scarring renal scarring urinary reflux urinary tract infection
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 190-199
Journal or Publication Title: Przeglad epidemiologiczny
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 76
Number: 2
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.32394/pe.76.19
ISSN: 0033-2100 (Print) 0033-2100 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4058

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