Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Global prevalence of Giardia duodenalis in cattle: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Thu Feb 2 18:44:18 2023

(2022) Global prevalence of Giardia duodenalis in cattle: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. p. 7. ISSN 0167-5877

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Abstract

Giardia duodenalis is an important intestinal parasite responsible for diarrhea in humans and animals worldwide. Up to now, G. duodenalis infections in cattle have been reported in many studies around the world. Hence, the aim of the present study is to report on the distribution of G. duodenalis in cattle at global scale and to evaluate the global prevalence, risk factors and genetic characterization of G. duodenalis infection among cattle worldwide. International databases were systematically searched to identify relevant studies. A random-effects meta analysis model was used to estimate the overall and the subgroup-pooled prevalence of G. duodenalis across studies, and the variance between studies (heterogeneity) was quantified by I-2 index. One hundred and fifty-eight articles (including 195 datasets), from 48 countries met eligibility criteria for analysis. Considering detection methods, the pooled prevalence was estimated to be 24 (95 confidence interval (CI), 19-30) using coproantigen techniques, 22 (95 CI, 17-28) using molecular, and 16 (95 CI, 12-20) using microscopic detection. Molecular methods showed that the highest number of reports were associated with assemblage E (45/46; 97.83 studies), assemblage A (33/46; 71.74 studies) and assemblage A+E (10/46; 21.74 studies). The pooled prevalence different of subgroups (WHO regions, countries, and type of cattle) were analyzed separately. Moreover, a significant association was observed between G. duodenalis infection with cattle suffering from diarrhea (odds ratio (OR), 2.61; 95 CI, 1.50-4.55) and pre-weaned calves (OR, 1.79; 95 CI, 1.08-2.95). These results suggest that the corresponding control scheme and effective management measures should be formulated to reduce the transmission of G. duodenalis infection according to the difference of geographical conditions in different areas.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Taghipour, A.UNSPECIFIED
Sharbatkhori, M.UNSPECIFIED
Tohidi, F.UNSPECIFIED
Ghanbari, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Karanis, P.UNSPECIFIED
Olfatifar, M.UNSPECIFIED
Majidiani, H.UNSPECIFIED
Khazaei, S.UNSPECIFIED
Bahadory, S.UNSPECIFIED
Javanmard, E.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Giardia duodenalis Cattle Worldwide prevalence Meta-analysis molecular epidemiology cryptosporidium sensitivity update Veterinary Sciences
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 7
Journal or Publication Title: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 203
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2022.105632
ISSN: 0167-5877
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4046

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