Repository of Research and Investigative Information

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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Global status of antimicrobial resistance among environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae O1/O139: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Thu Feb 2 18:45:59 2023

(2022) Global status of antimicrobial resistance among environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae O1/O139: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. p. 11. ISSN 2047-2994

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Abstract

Background: Vibrio cholerae O1/O139 were the predominant circulating serogroups exhibiting multi-drug resistance (MDR) during the cholera outbreak which led to cholera treatment failures. Objective: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the weighted pooled resistance (WPR) rates in V. cholerae O1/O139 isolates obtained from environmental samples. Methods: We systematically searched the articles in PubMed, Scopus, and Embase (until January 2020). Subgroup analyses were then employed by publication year, geographic areas, and the quality of studies. Statistical analyses were conducted using STATA software (ver. 14.0). Results: A total of 20 studies investigating 648 environmental V. cholerae O1/O139 isolates were analysed. The majority of the studies were originated from Asia (n = 9). In addition, a large number of studies (n = 15 i.e. 71.4) included in the meta-analysis revealed the resistance to cotrimoxazole and ciprofloxacin. The WPR rates were as follows: cotrimoxazole 59, erythromycin 28, tetracycline 14, doxycycline 5, and ciprofloxacin 0. There was increased resistance to nalidixic acid, cotrimoxazole, furazolidone, and tetracycline while a decreased resistance to amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol, ampicillin, streptomycin, and ceftriaxone was observed during the years 2000-2020. A significant decrease in the doxycycline and ciprofloxacin-resistance rates in V. cholerae O1/O139 isolates was reported over the years 2011-2020 which represents a decrease in 2001-2010 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Fluoroquinolones, gentamicin, ceftriaxone, doxycycline, kanamycin, and cefotaxime showed the highest effectiveness and the lowest resistance rate. However, the main interest is the rise of antimicrobial resistance in V. cholerae strains especially in low-income countries or endemic areas, and therefore, continuous surveillance, careful appropriate AST, and limitation on improper antibiotic usage are crucial.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Yuan, X. H.UNSPECIFIED
Li, Y. M.UNSPECIFIED
Vaziri, A. Z.UNSPECIFIED
Kaviar, V. H.UNSPECIFIED
Jin, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Jin, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Maleki, A.UNSPECIFIED
Omidi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Kouhsari, E.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Antibiotic resistance Environmental V. cholerae O1/O139 Systematic review and meta-analysis molecular characterization antibiotic-resistance acute diarrhea strains o139 epidemiology norfloxacin outbreak non-o139 Public, Environmental & Occupational Health Infectious Diseases Microbiology Pharmacology & Pharmacy
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 11
Journal or Publication Title: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 11
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-022-01100-3
ISSN: 2047-2994
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4031

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