Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Predictive modeling for COVID-19 readmission risk using machine learning algorithms

Tue Apr 23 00:01:46 2024

(2022) Predictive modeling for COVID-19 readmission risk using machine learning algorithms. Bmc Medical Informatics and Decision Making. p. 12.

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Abstract

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic overwhelmed healthcare systems with severe shortages in hospital resources such as ICU beds, specialized doctors, and respiratory ventilators. In this situation, reducing COVID-19 readmissions could potentially maintain hospital capacity. By employing machine learning (ML), we can predict the likelihood of COVID-19 readmission risk, which can assist in the optimal allocation of restricted resources to seriously ill patients. Methods In this retrospective single-center study, the data of 1225 COVID-19 patients discharged between January 9, 2020, and October 20, 2021 were analyzed. First, the most important predictors were selected using the horse herd optimization algorithms. Then, three classical ML algorithms, including decision tree, support vector machine, and k-nearest neighbors, and a hybrid algorithm, namely water wave optimization (WWO) as a precise metaheuristic evolutionary algorithm combined with a neural network were used to construct predictive models for COVID-19 readmission. Finally, the performance of prediction models was measured, and the best-performing one was identified. Results The ML algorithms were trained using 17 validated features. Among the four selected ML algorithms, the WWO had the best average performance in tenfold cross-validation (accuracy: 0.9705, precision: 0.9729, recall: 0.9869, specificity: 0.9259, F-measure: 0.9795). Conclusions Our findings show that the WWO algorithm predicts the risk of readmission of COVID-19 patients more accurately than other ML algorithms. The models developed herein can inform frontline clinicians and healthcare policymakers to manage and optimally allocate limited hospital resources to seriously ill COVID-19 patients.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Shanbehzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Yazdani, A.UNSPECIFIED
Shafiee, M.UNSPECIFIED
Kazemi-Arpanahi, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: COVID-19 Machine learning Data mining Patient readmission Medical Informatics
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 12
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 22
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-022-01880-z
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4027

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