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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

CHARACTERIZATION OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS ISOLATED FROM BURN WOUND; STRONG ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF PHAGE COCKTAIL AGAINST VANCOMYCIN INTERMEDIATE-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS

Thu Feb 2 18:40:13 2023

(UNSPECIFIED) CHARACTERIZATION OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS ISOLATED FROM BURN WOUND; STRONG ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF PHAGE COCKTAIL AGAINST VANCOMYCIN INTERMEDIATE-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS. Journal of Microbiology Biotechnology and Food Sciences. p. 5. ISSN 1338-5178

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Abstract

A universal problem is about spread of Staphylococcus aureus infections in burn patients. The present study aimed to learn about the molecular characteristics and the resistance pattern of S. aureus strains isolated from burn patients. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated 100 unique S. aureus isolated from burn patients by antimicrobial activity and biofilm formation and evaluated the effect of Complex Pyobacteriophage, a commercial bacteriophage cocktail, against the isolates mentioned above. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) comprised 76, and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) comprised 24 of 100 S. aureus strains. The resistance rate among MRSA isolates was higher than compared of MSSA. Mupirocin resistance was found in 30 of isolates, with 28 (93.3) and 2 (6.7) strains of MRSA and MSSA, respectively, found. Vancomycin intermediate resistance in S. aureus (VISA) was 13 of MRSA strains. Two isolates were confirmed as vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA) strains and carried vanA. 31 and 62 of the total isolates showed inducible and constitutive resistance phenotypes. The rate of inducible and constitutive clindamycin resistance among MRSA strains was higher than MSSA strains. Biofilm production was detected in 66 of isolates. Strong, moderate, and weak producers accounted for 25, 17, and 24 of isolates. Phage analysis showed that 81 were susceptible to the phage cocktail, and only 19 were resistant to the phage cocktail. Our data indicated that VISA strains prevalence in the burn unit was mainly from S. aureus infections. Present work recommended that vancomycin treatment be closely monitored to prevent the spread of VISA and VRSA strains. Observations also highlighted the role of bacteriophage cocktails in eradicating S. aureus-related infections.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Taheri, F.UNSPECIFIED
Hashemi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Haghighi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Dadashi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Nasiri, M. J.UNSPECIFIED
Khoshnood, S.UNSPECIFIED
Hajikhani, B.UNSPECIFIED
Miri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Pourhossein, B.UNSPECIFIED
Goudarzi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Methicillin-Res stant Staphylococcus aureus Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm Bacteriophage Wound infection mupirocin resistance biofilm formation prevalence methicillin mrsa clindamycin emergence genes iran Food Science & Technology
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 5
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Microbiology Biotechnology and Food Sciences
Journal Index: ISI
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.55251/jmbfs.5366
ISSN: 1338-5178
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4022

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