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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Molecular Epidemiology, Species Distribution, and Zoonotic Importance of the Neglected Meat-Borne Pathogen Sarcocystis spp. in Cattle (Bos taurus): A Global Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Thu Feb 2 18:42:34 2023

(2022) Molecular Epidemiology, Species Distribution, and Zoonotic Importance of the Neglected Meat-Borne Pathogen Sarcocystis spp. in Cattle (Bos taurus): A Global Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Acta Parasitologica. pp. 1055-1072. ISSN 1230-2821

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Abstract

Background Sarcocystis species are diverse apicomplexan parasites, though only two zoonotic species (S. hominis and S. heydorni) circulate between cattle and humans. Due to the importance of cattle in the human food chain and to prevent the consequences of parasitosis in humans, the first global systematic review and meta-analysis on molecular epidemiology, species distribution, and zoonotic significance of Sarcocystis infection in cattle was performed. Methods For this aim, four international English databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science) were systematically searched till 20th September 2021, and random-effect models were drawn to calculate total estimates and their 95 confidence intervals (CIs). Results Finally, 44 papers from 21 countries were qualified for this review which examined 8526 cattle regarding Sarcocystis infection, rendering a total prevalence of 62.7 (95 CI 53-71.5). Globally, 12 Sarcocystis spp. have been reported from cattle, including S. cruzi, S. hominis, S. hirsuta, S. rommeli, S. heydorni, S. bovifelis, S. bovini, S. sinensis, S. gigantea, S. fusiformis, S. hjorti and S. tenella. Among them, S. cruzi (37 studies), S. hominis (22 studies) and S. hirsuta (19 studies) were the 3 most common species, with 76.4 (95 CI 64.8-85), 30.2 (95 CI 19.3-44) and 8.7 (95 CI 3.8-18.6), respectively. However, molecular identification was not performed in 48.4 (95 CI 27.3-70.1) of the positive samples. Conclusion Despite the zoonotic significance of Sarcocystis spp., particularly S. hominis, the epidemiology and distribution of Sarcocystis infection in cattle remains unclear and demands more extensive researches around the world.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Shams, M.UNSPECIFIED
Shamsi, L.UNSPECIFIED
Asghari, A.UNSPECIFIED
Motazedian, M. H.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadi-Ghalehbin, B.UNSPECIFIED
Omidian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Nazari, N.UNSPECIFIED
Sadrebazzaz, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Sarcocystis spp Sarcocysts Cattle Prevalence Zoonotic importance Species Meta-analysis Systematic review buffalos bubalus-bubalis water-buffalos identification prevalence infection nesbitti cruzi beef pcr differentiation Parasitology Veterinary Sciences Zoology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 1055-1072
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Parasitologica
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 67
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11686-022-00563-z
ISSN: 1230-2821
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/4020

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