Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Epidemiology of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 among blood donors and general population in Iran: a meta-analysis

Wed Nov 30 00:06:45 2022

(2018) Epidemiology of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 among blood donors and general population in Iran: a meta-analysis. Future Virology. pp. 585-599. ISSN 1746-0794

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Abstract

The present meta-analysis aims to assess the epidemiology of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) among blood donors and general population in Iran. Methods: The present study was designed according to PRISMA guidelines. Results: The prevalence of HTLV-1 in 34 studies with a sample size of 3,626,364 blood donors was 0.20 (95 CI: 0.15-0.26) and the prevalence of this virus among men and women blood donors was 0.20 (95 CI: 0.15-0.27) and 0.64 (95 CI: 0.13-3.01), respectively and the female-male odds ratio was 3.13 (1.35-7.25, p = 0.008). In five studies consisting of 4763 individuals, the prevalence of HTLV-1 among the general population who lived in the main HTLV-1 endemic regions (Khorasan provinces, in northeastern Iran) was 2.5 (95 CI: 1.3-4.7) and the prevalence of this virus among men and women was 2.4 (95 CI: 0.8-7.1) and 3.4 (95 CI: 2.0-5.7), respectively. According to the systematic review, the prevalence of HTLV-1 in general population living in non-endemic regions of HTLV-1 was reported to be 0.07 to 1.8. Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of HTLV-1 in the main HTLV-1 endemic regions of Iran, persistent prevention programs are required in blood transfusion centers in these regions.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Azami, M.UNSPECIFIED
Badfar, G.UNSPECIFIED
Esmaeli, E.UNSPECIFIED
Moslemirad, M.UNSPECIFIED
Rahmati, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Iran meta-analysis htlv-i infection cell leukemia phylogenetic analysis prevalence seroprevalence antibodies mashhad models Virology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 585-599
Journal or Publication Title: Future Virology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 13
Number: 8
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.2217/fvl-2018-0015
ISSN: 1746-0794
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/40

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