Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prediction of successful aging using ensemble machine learning algorithms

Sat May 25 00:04:49 2024

(2022) Prediction of successful aging using ensemble machine learning algorithms. Bmc Medical Informatics and Decision Making. p. 16.

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Abstract

Background Aging is a chief risk factor for most chronic illnesses and infirmities. The growth in the aged population increases medical costs, thus imposing a heavy financial burden on families and communities. Successful aging (SA) is a positive and qualitative view of aging. From a biomedical perspective, SA is defined as the absence of diseases or disability disorders. This is distinct from normal aging, which is associated with age-related deterioration in physical and cognitive functions. From a social perspective, SA highlights life satisfaction and individual well-being, usually attained through socialization. It is an abstract and multidimensional concept surrounded by imprecision about its definition and measurement. Our study attempted to find the most effective features of SA as defined by Rowe and Kahn's theory. The determined features were used as input parameters of six machine learning (ML) algorithms to create and validate predictive models for SA. Methods In this retrospective study, the raw data set was first pre-processed; then, based on the data of a sample of 983, five basic ML techniques including artificial neural network, decision tree, support vector machine, Naive Bayes, and k-nearest neighbors (K-NN) with one ensemble method (that gathers 30 K-NN algorithms as weak learners) were trained. Finally, the prediction result was yielded using the majority vote method based on the output of the generated base models. Results The experimental results revealed that the predictive system has been more successful in predicting SA with a 93 precision, 92.40 specificity, 87.80 sensitivity, 90.31 F-measure, 89.62 accuracy, and a ROC of 96.10, using a five-fold cross-validation procedure. Conclusions Our results showed that ML techniques potentially have satisfactory performance in supporting the SA-related decisions of social and health policymakers. The KNN-based ensemble algorithm is superior to the other ML models in classifying people into SA and non-SA classes.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Varzaneh, Z. A.UNSPECIFIED
Shanbehzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Kazemi-Arpanahi, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Machine learning Ensemble learning Quality of life Aged health survey sf-36 multidimensional definition older-adults classification model rowe Medical Informatics
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 16
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 22
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-022-02001-6
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3996

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