Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Mechanism of action, resistance, synergism, and clinical implications of azithromycin

Wed Feb 8 11:24:10 2023

(2022) Mechanism of action, resistance, synergism, and clinical implications of azithromycin. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis. p. 16. ISSN 0887-8013

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Abstract

Background Azithromycin (AZM), sold under the name Zithromax, is classified as a macrolide. It has many benefits due to its immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects. This review aims to study different clinical and biochemisterial aspects and properties of this drug which has a priority based on literature published worldwide. Methods Several databases including Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus were searched to obtain the relevant studies. Results AZM mechanism of action including the inhibition of bacterial protein synthesis, inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine production, inhibition of neutrophil infestation, and macrophage polarization alteration, gives it the ability to act against a wide range of microorganisms. Resistant organisms are spreading and being developed because of the irrational use of the drug in the case of dose and duration. AZM shows synergistic effects with other drugs against a variety of organisms. This macrolide is considered a valuable antimicrobial agent because of its use as a treatment for a vast range of diseases such as asthma, bronchiolitis, COPD, cystic fibrosis, enteric infections, STIs, and periodontal infections. Conclusions Our study shows an increasing global prevalence of AZM resistance. Thus, synergistic combinations are recommended to treat different pathogens. Moreover, continuous monitoring of AZM resistance by registry centers and the development of more rapid diagnostic assays are urgently needed.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Heidary, M.UNSPECIFIED
Samangani, A. E.UNSPECIFIED
Kargari, A.UNSPECIFIED
Nejad, A. K.UNSPECIFIED
Yashmi, I.UNSPECIFIED
Motahar, M.UNSPECIFIED
Taki, E.UNSPECIFIED
Khoshnood, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: azithromycin pharmacology resistance synergism Zithromax plasmodium-falciparum malaria uncomplicated typhoid-fever in-vitro synergism neisseria-gonorrhoeae antimicrobial resistance pseudomonas-aeruginosa cystic-fibrosis haemophilus-influenzae multidrug-resistant combination therapy Medical Laboratory Technology
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 16
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 36
Number: 6
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/jcla.24427
ISSN: 0887-8013
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3969

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