Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Seroprevalence of sandfly fever virus infection in military personnel on the western border of Iran

Wed Jun 19 02:18:15 2024

(2017) Seroprevalence of sandfly fever virus infection in military personnel on the western border of Iran. Journal of Infection and Public Health. pp. 59-63. ISSN 1876-0341

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Abstract

Military troops deployed to endemic areas are at risk of contracting sandfly fever, an arthropod-borne viral infection. Although typically a self-limited disease, sandfly fever can cause significant morbidity and loss of function among soldiers. We conducted this study to determine the extent of past SFV infection in a group of healthy Iranian military personnel in Ilam province on the western border of Iran. A total of 201 serum samples were tested by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) to detect four common sandfly fever virus serotypes. Demographic data were also collected. Overall, 37 samples (18.4) were positive for specific IgG antibodies to sandfly viruses. Sandfly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV) and sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV) were the most common serotypes. A positive test was inversely related to nativity (P < 0.01) but was not associated with age (P=0.163), duration of presence in the border region (P=0.08) or employment status (P=0.179). Our findings indicate that past SFV infection is common among military personnel in the western border region of Iran, a Leishmania-endemic region. Therefore, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of troops presenting with acute febrile illness in similar settings. (C) 2016 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Published by Elsevier Limited. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Shiraly, R.UNSPECIFIED
Khosravi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Farahangiz, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Sandfly fever Virus Past infection Military personnel cutaneous leishmaniasis sicilian virus toscana-virus risk-factors outbreak transmission prevalence province troops Public, Environmental & Occupational Health Infectious Diseases
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 59-63
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 10
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2016.02.014
ISSN: 1876-0341
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/393

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